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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of NEO study population without pre-existing CVD

From: Association of metabolic syndrome and electrocardiographic markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease

  Metabolic syndrome
No (76%) Yes (24%)
Age, years 55.3 (5.2) 56.5 (7.9)
Sex, men, % 39.9 52.6
Ethnicity, white, % 95 96
BMI, kg/m2 25.0 (3.0) 30.1 (6.4)
Smoking, %
 Never 40.8 33.5
 Former 44.3 48.0
 Current 14.9 18.5
Alcohol intake, g/dag 9.7 (3.2–20.9) 10.4 (2.0–24.6)
Physical activity, MET-hour/week 30.9 (16.9–51.0) 25.8 (11.8–45.2)
Education level, low, (%)a 16.0 28.0
Fasting plasma glucose, mg/dL 93.7 (88.3–98.9) 105.7 (98.9–114.2)
Use of glucose lowering therapy, % 0.6 7.6
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127.6 (14.1) 137.6 (22.6)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 81.7 (8.5) 87.9 (13.4)
Use of antihypertensive therapy, % 14.5 40.3
Waist circumference (cm)
 Men 94.4 (7.7) 106.9 (13.9)
 Women 83.6 (9.0) 101.1 (15.4)
Triglycerides, mg/dL 78.8 (59.3–106.3) 160.3 (111.6–208.1)
HDL, mg/dL
 Men 55.8 (11.0) 43.3 (15.4)
 Women 71.5 (13.9) 53.4 (18.8)
Use of lipid lowering therapy,  % 4.8 18.8
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD), median (IQR) or percentage. Results were based on analyses weighted towards the BMI distribution of the general population
  2. BMI Body Mass Index, MET metabolic equivalent of task
  3. aLower education: none, primary school, lower vocational education