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Table 2 Metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes by adherence to dietary patterns (n = 9835)

From: Brazilian dietary patterns and the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet-relationship with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the ELSA-Brasil study

Outcomes Dietary patterns (P1–P4) Adherence to different dietary patterns (in quintiles)
Quintile 1—low adherence Quintile 3—mid adherence Quintile 5—high adherence
N (%)
Metabolic syndrome, n (%) P1—Vegetables/fruits 594 (30.6) 558 (28.7) 677 (34.9)
P2—Common Brazilian fast food/Full fat dairy/desserts 704 (36.2) 545 (28.0) 714 (36.7)
P3—Common Brazilian meal 421 (21.6) 591 (30.4) 786 (40.4)
P4—Diet, light foods and beverages/low fat dairy 540 (27.8) 616 (31.7) 629 (32.4)
DASH diet 571 (32.7) 712 (31.2) 538 (29.4)
Newly diagnosed diabetes, n (%) P1—Vegetables/Fruits 184 (9.5) 189 (9.7) 261 (13.4)
P2—Common Brazilian fast food/Full fat dairy/desserts 314 (16.1) 183 (9.4) 182 (9.4)
P3—Common Brazilian 128 (6.6) 185 (9.5) 314 (16.1)
P4—Diet, light foods and beverages/low fat dairy 209 (10.7) 197 (10.1) 199 (10.2)
DASH diet 176 (10.1) 247 (10.8) 200 (10.9)