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Table 1 Dietary patterns extracted using principal component analysis (n = 9835)

From: Brazilian dietary patterns and the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet-relationship with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the ELSA-Brasil study

Dietary Patterns (P1–P4) Loading weights ≥0.4 Loading weights 0.4–0.3 Cumulative  % of the variance explained
Vegetables/fruits (P1) Zucchini/chayote/eggplant, collard greens, carrots, green beans, cabbage, lettuce, chicory/watercress/arugula, tomato Orange/tangerine, pumpkin, apple/pear, beets, cauliflower, broccoli, papaya, banana, okra, pineapple, onion, melon, grape 4.3
Common Brazilian fast foods/full fat dairy/desserts (P2) Pizza, chocolate, fries, flan/mousses Ham/salami, fried fast foods, baked fast foods, layered cake, beef stroganoff, ice cream, hot dog, mozzarella and other yellow cheeses, hamburger patty, regular soda 8.4
Common Brazilian meal (P3) White rice, beans, garlic Beer, sausage, tripe/stomach, bacon, onion, fried chicken, pork 11.0
Diet, light foods and beverages/low fat dairy (P4) Low fat turkey breast Low fat yogurt, coffee with artificial sweetener, diet, light or zero soda, low calorie bread, low fat cream cheese 13.1
  1. Extraction method: principal component analysis using varimax rotation