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Table 4 Perinatal outcomes in the ND, mild gestational hyperglycemia (MGH), and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) groups stratified according to diagnostic protocol

From: Diagnostic protocol for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (IADPSG/ADA, 2011): influence on the occurrence of GDM and mild gestational hyperglycemia (MGH) and on the perinatal outcomes

  ND (N = 199) MGH (N = 89) GDM (N = 194)
OLD NEW p OLD NEW p OLD NEW p
NB-LGA 0 (0, 0) 9 (8, 0) 0.0196 6 (4, 15) 7 (14, 0) 1.0000 6 (8) 14 (1, 11) 0.8006
Macrossomia 3 (4, 4) 5 (4, 4) 1.0000 6 (4, 15) 7 (14, 0) 1.0000 5 (3, 7) 13 (3, 10) 0.6747
First C-section 25 (25, 5) 43 (38, 1) 0.2409 8 (5, 20) 16 (32, 0) 0.3316 16 (5, 23) 30 (8, 23) 1.0000
Length of hospital stay (days)
1–3 64 (76, 6) 87 (77, 0) 0.8003 29 (74,4) 41 (82, 0) 0.5404 50 (73,5) 96 (76,2) 0.8138
4–7 14 (1, 11) 22 (5, 19) 0.6942 10 (25,6) 8 (16, 0) 0.3911 14 (6, 20) 25 (8, 19) 1.0000
>7 8 (2, 12) 4 (3, 5) 0.1642 0 (0, 0) 1 (2, 0) 1.0000 4 (5, 9) 5 (4, 0) 0.8049
Total 86 113   39 50   68 126  
  1. Results expressed in number (N) and percentage (%)
  2. Test for the comparison of proportions
  3. NB-LGA newborn large for the gestational age