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Table 1 Population characteristics in the ND, MGH and GDM groups stratified according to diagnostic protocol

From: Diagnostic protocol for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (IADPSG/ADA, 2011): influence on the occurrence of GDM and mild gestational hyperglycemia (MGH) and on the perinatal outcomes

  ND (N = 199) MGH (N = 89) GDM (N = 194)
OLD NEW p OLD NEW p OLD NEW p
Pregnancies 2.59 ± 1.54 2.27 ± 1.54 0.1672 3.27 ± 2.05 3.14 ± 1.90 0.7368 3.30 ± 1.56 3.15 ± 1.58 0.5850
Previous C-sections 0.46 ± 0.77 0.40 ± 0.74 0.5094 1.03 ± 1.14 0.62 ± 0.83 0.0370 0.83 ± 0.87 0.64 ± 0.71 0.1596
Initial BMI (kg/m2) 28.83 ± 7.79 26.75 ± 5.85 0.1450 32.86 ± 4.29 30.38 ± 8.47 0.3976 31.13 ± 4.84 32.50 ± 7.28 0.4379
Final BMI (kg/m2) 33.40 ± 8.25 31.62 ± 5.27 0.3296 37.37 ± 4.89 34.36 ± 7.99 0.2579 35.01 ± 4.24 36.50 ± 6.30 0.3336
WG (kg) 15.11 ± 10.90 12.16 ± 6.80 0.1736 12.10 ± 6.65 10.52 ± 5.60 0.4356 10.69 ± 8.32 9.87 ± 7.84 0.6444
  1. Results expressed as mean ± SD
  2. Poisson regression for the number of pregnancies and previous C-section
  3. Student’s t test for the other analyses
  4. ND non diabetic, MGH mild gestational hyperglycemia, GDM gestational diabetes mellitus, WG weight gain