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Table 1 Clinical and Biochemical (mean ± SD) characteristics of DM1 adolescents and healthy controls

From: Increased carotid intima-media thickness in Brazilian adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Characteristics Adolescent population p value
57 DM1 patients 61 healthy controls
Age (years) 14.5 ± 2.9 14.3 ± 2.6 1.0
Gender F 38 M 19 F 30 M 23 0.374
Puberty (Tanner)a
Initial 29 31 1.0
Advanced 28 30
Z BMI −0.40 ± 0.9 (20.0 ± 2.4) −0.40 ± 0.9 (20.8 ± 2.2) 1.0
SBP 103.1 ± 10.2 110.1 ± 8.5 <0.001
DBP 66 ± 10.4 72 ± 7.2 <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 88.5 ± 46.5 72 ± 26.8 0.022
Total-C (mg/dL) 178.3 ± 31.9 148.5 ± 19.1 <0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 97.0 ± 24.3 84.7 ± 17.8 0.002
HDL-C (mg/dL) 61.4 ± 17.3 49.6 ± 8.4 <0.001
HbA1c 9.7 ± 2.0 NA  
Duration of diabetes (m) 109.0 ± 35.6 NA  
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure (mm/Hg), NA not applicable
  2. a Tanner 2/3 initial puberty; Tanner 4/5 advanced puberty