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Table 2 Association of fat depots and markers of adipose tissue dysfunction with impaired fasting glucose and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus

From: Adipose tissue dysfunction increases fatty liver association with pre diabetes and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abnormalities Normoglycemic Impaired fasting glucose Newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus
Odd ratio (95% I.C) Odd ratio (95% I.C) Odd ratio (95% I.C)
Model 1 Reference values   
 Fatty liver 1 3.36 (2.43–4.65) 5.68 (3.01–10.69)
 Elevated VAT 1 2.79 (1.91–4.05) 2.84 (1.38–5.82)
 Adipo-IR 1 3.80 (2.65–5.47) 2.15 (1.54–3.02)
 Low adiponectin 1 1.84 (1.22–2.77) 3.29 (1.64–6.58)
 Elevated FFA 1 1.37 (0.97–1.94) 1.62 (0.87–3.01)
Model 2
 Fatty livera 1 2.46 (1.73–3.49) 4.26 (2.18–8.25)
 Elevated VATb 1 1.37 (0.89–2.11) 1.09 (0.49–2.44)
 Adipo-IR 1 2.69 (1.82–3.96) 2.15 (1.06–4.37)
 Low adiponectin 1 1.46 (0.96-2.22) 2.54 (1.26–5.12)
 Elevated FFA 1 1.29 (0.91-1.85) 1.51 (0.80–2.85)
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age and gender
  2. Model 2 adjusted for age, gender, body mass index, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides
  3. VAT visceral abdominal tissue, Adipo-IR adipose tissue insulin resistance, FFA free fatty acids
  4. aAdditional adjustment for elevated VAT
  5. bAdditional adjustment for fatty liver