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Table 3 Correlation analysis, coefficient (r) and p value, for the relationship between adipokine/insulin levels and maternal–newborn variables

From: Maternal adipokines and insulin as biomarkers of pregnancies complicated by overweight and obesity

   Adiponectin Leptin Resistin Insulin
Maternal
 Prepregnancy BMIa (r) 0.0522 0.5689 −0.1378 0.3843
p 0.6630 <0.0001 0.2483 0.0009
 Gestational BMIb (r) −0.2893 0.3886 −0.0720 0.2354
p 0.0137 0.0007 0.5477 0.0466
 Weight gaina (r) −0.1742 0.0948 −0.0620 0.0608
p 0.1434 0.4284 0.6047 0.6118
 Hypertensionb (r) −0.0669 0.2746 0.0732 −0.0527
p 0.5767 0.0196 0.5413 0.6601
 DM and MGHb (r) −0.1389 0.3076 −0.0206 0.2637
p 0.2445 0.0086 0.8639 0.0252
Newborn
 Weighta (r) 0.2340 −0.1216 −0.1536 0.1097
p 0.0478 0.3089 0.1975 0.3590
 Lengtha (r) −0.1604 −0.2037 −0.1003 0.0750
p 0.1785 0.0862 0.4019 0.5309
 Head circumferencea (r) −0.2704 −0.1373 −0.2194 0.0440
p 0.0216 0.2501 0.0641 0.7133
 Thoracic circumferencea (r) −0.1777 −0.1845 −0.0572 −0.0254
p 0.1354 0.1208 0.6332 0.8325
 Abdominal circumferencea (r) −0.1637 −0.2488 −0.0809 0.0049
p 0.1694 0.0350 0.4991 0.9677
 Ponderal indexa (r) −0.1605 0.0856 −0.1098 0.0655
p 0.1779 0.4744 0.3584 0.5845
  1. Statistically significant results (p < 0.05) highlighted in italic
  2. DM prepregnancy and gestational diabetes, MGH mild gestational hyperglycemia
  3. aPearson’s correlation test
  4. bSpearman’s correlation test