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Table 2 Maternal and newborn outcomes, according to prepregnancy BMI classes

From: Maternal adipokines and insulin as biomarkers of pregnancies complicated by overweight and obesity

  Normal weight (N = 23) Overweight (N = 18) Obese (N = 31)
Maternal
 Gestational BMI (kg/m2)
  Adequate 15 (65.2) 2 (11.1) 0
  Overweight 6 (26.1) 9 (50.0) 2 (6.5)
  Obesity 2 (8.7) 7 (38.9) 29 (93.5)
Newborn
 GA at birth (new Ballard score)
  <37 weeks 0 1 (5.6) 1 (3.2)
  ≥37 weeks 23 (100.0) 17 (94.4) 30 (96.8)
 Weight (g)
  <2500 0 0 1 (3.2)
  2500–4000 21 (91,3) 17 (94.4) 27 (87.1)
  ≥4000 2 (8.7) 1 (5.6) 3 (9.7)
 Weight to GA ratio
  Small (SGA) 2 (8.7) 4 (22.2) 2 (6.4)
  Adequate (AGA) 19 (82.6) 13 (72.2) 26 (83.9)
  Large (LGA) 2 (8.7) 1 (5.6) 3 (9.7)
  1. BMI body mass index, GA gestational age
  Normal weight Overweight Obese
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Maternal
 Weight gain (kg) 14.6 ± 4.5 13.8 ± 6.1 10.4 ± 8,1
Newborn
 Weight (g) 3340 ± 462.8 3220.6 ± 430.7 3333.9 ± 492.2
 Ponderal index (g/cm3) 2.8 ± 0.3 2.8 ± 0.3 2.9 ± 0.3
 Length (cm) 48.9 ± 2.5 48.4 ± 1.7 48.5 ± 2,1
 Head circumference (cm) 34.5 ± 1.7 34.5 ± 1.5 34.9 ± 1,5
 Thoracic circumference (cm) 33.6 ± 1.9 33.0 ± 1.6 33.3 ± 2.2
 Abdominal circumference (cm) 31.9 ± 2.0 31.4 ± 1.8 34.9 ± 1.5
  1. BMI body mass index, GA gestational age