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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of subjects by sex, 1994

From: Impact of longitudinal status change in metabolic syndrome defined by two different criteria on new onset of type 2 diabetes in a general Japanese population: the Tanno–Sobetsu Study

  Men Women p
n 347 480  
Mean age (years) 59.6 ± 9.0 58.3 ± 8.5 0.034
Family history of type 2 diabetes (%) 9.2 11.3 0.387
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.5 ± 3.1 23.5 ± 2.8 0.784
Waist circumference (cm) 83.2 ± 9.2 75.2 ± 8.1 <0.0001
Abdominal obesity (Asian criteria) (%) 23.3 29.0 0.079
Abdominal obesity (Japanese criteria) (%) 42.1 5.6 <0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131.3 ± 17.3 134.1 ± 19.2 0.028
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78.4 ± 9.1 77.7 ± 9.8 0.320
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 183.8 ± 29.7 199.6 ± 31.6 <0.0001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 144.2 ± 106.7 117.7 ± 76.6 <0.0001
HDL-C (mg/dl) 53.2 ± 13.5 57.7 ± 13.5 <0.0001
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 94.8 ± 10.4 93.0 ± 8.8 0.008
Smoking (%) 69.7 7.3 <0.0001
High blood pressure (%) 56.8 58.8 0.617
Impaired fasting glucose (%) 27.4 19.6 0.009
High triglycerides (≥150 mg/dl) (%) 30.3 17.1 <0.0001
Low HDL-C (INT) (<40 mg/dl for men and <50 mg/dl for women) (%) 15.3 27.1 <0.0001
Low HDL-C (JP) (<40 mg/dl for men and women) (%) 15.3 8.8 0.004
MetS-INT (%) 20.7 18.5 0.477
MetS-JP (%) 17.3 1.5 <0.0001
  1. Abdominal obesity by Asian criteria: 90 cm for men and 80 cm for women; Abdominal obesity by Japanese criteria: 85 cm for men and 90 cm for women; MetS-INT metabolic syndrome assessed by the interim criteria by 6 institutions, MetS-JP metabolic syndrome assessed by the Japanese criteria