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Table 1 Comparisons of international criteria of metabolic syndrome and Japanese criteria of metabolic syndrome

From: Impact of longitudinal status change in metabolic syndrome defined by two different criteria on new onset of type 2 diabetes in a general Japanese population: the Tanno–Sobetsu Study

  International criteria Japanese criteria
Absolutely required None Central obesity (waist circumference ≥85 cm for men and ≥90 cm for women
Criteria Any three of the five criteria below Obesity, plus two of the three criteria below
Obesity Elevated waist circumference (waist circumference ≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women; Asian criteria) (Central obesity already required)
High blood pressure SBP ≥130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg and/or treatment for previously diagnosed hypertension SBP ≥130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg and/or treatment for previously diagnosed hypertension
Dyslipidemia TG ≥150 mg/dl and/or on drug treatment for elevated triglycerides TG ≥150 mg/dl and/or HDL-C <40 mg/dl for both gender and/or specific treatment for these
HDL-C <40 mg/dl for men and <50 mg/dl for women
Hyperglycemia FPG ≥100 mg/dl FPG ≥110 mg/dl
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TG triglycerides, HDL-C HDL cholesterol, FPG fasting plasma glucose