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Table 3 Multiple linear regression between MS components and food groups of overweight and obese schoolchildren. Botucatu-SP-Brazil, 2007–2008

From: Dietary factors associated with metabolic syndrome and its components in overweight and obese Brazilian schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study

  MS components
WC BP HDL-C TG Glycemia
β (SE)a
Food groups (servings)  
 Cereals 0.42 (0.64) −1.18 (1.07) 0.54 (0.74) 0.16 (0.78) 11.6 (5.50) b
 Meats 0.91 (0.68) −0.51 (0.96) 0.51 (0.71) 0.67 (0.77) −2.38 (4.16)
 Legumes 0.32 (0.17) 0.12 (0.26) 0.01 (0.18) 0.52 (0.23) c −1.07 (0.92)
 Vegetables −0.10 (0.15) 0.32 (0.23) 0.37 (0.18) d 0.23 (0.18) 0.00 (0.00)
 Fruits 0.56 (0.49) 0.34 (0.73) −0.25 (0.57) 0.69 (0.63) 0.00 (0.00)
 Dairy products −0.77 (0.64) −0.22 (0.97) −0.53 (0.73) 2.84 (1.10) e −4.11 (4.21)
Total energy intake (%)
 Sugars −0.28 (0.19) −0.03 (0.32) 0.06 (0.22) 0.29 (0.24) 0.42 (1.32)
 Processed food 0.14 (0.19) 0.39 (0.33) −0.11 (0.22) 0.22 (0.24) 2.36 (1.16) f
 Processed food + high sugar and fat content 0.27 (0.31) −0.14 (0.54) −0.41 (0.38) 0.93 (0.42) 4.98 (2.54)
  1. aRegression model adjusted for age, sex, school, MS component. The values in italic corresponding of p value ≤ 0.05
  2. bp value = 0.0356
  3. cp value = 0.0247
  4. dp value = 0.0451
  5. ep value = 0.0103
  6. fp value = 0.0451
  7. gp value = 0.0288
  8. hp value = 0.049