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Table 2 Multiple linear regression between MS components and energy, macronutrients and fiber of overweight and obese schoolchildren. Botucatu-SP-Brazil, 2007–2008

From: Dietary factors associated with metabolic syndrome and its components in overweight and obese Brazilian schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study

  MS components
WC BP HDL-C TG Glycemia
β (SE)a     
Energy, macronutrients and fiber
 Total energy intake(kcal) 0.19 (0.21) 0.14 (0.25) −0.25 (0.26) 0.45 (0.42) 0.03 (0.94)
 Carbohydrates (g) 0.14 (0.13) 0.11 (0.18) −0.14 (0.14) 0.34 (0.22) 0.03 (0.72)
 Carbohydrates (%) 0.23 (0.79) −0.19 (1.29) 0.76 (1.04) 0.24 (0.98) −0.64 (5.55)
 Protein (g/kg/day) 0.18 (0.04) b −0.02 (0.08) −0.04 (0.05) 0.08 (0.06) 0.02 (0.33)
 Protein (%) 0.09 (0.07) −0.06 (0.11) 0.04 (0.08) −0.02 (0.08) −0.17 (0.45)
 Total fat (g) 0.06 (0.16) 0.29 (0.28) −0.40 (0.24) 0.41 (0.25) 0.40 (1.12)
 Total fat (%) −0.84 (0.85) 0.60 (1.06) −1.10 (1.02) 0.00 (0.76) 2.06 (4.49)
 SFA (g) 0.02 (0.13) 0.19 (0.22) −0.33 (0.17) 0.47 (0.19) c 1.25 (0.99)
 SFA (%) −0.17 (0.13) 0.11 (0.20) −0.18 (0.15) 0.22 (0.16) 1.44 (0.93)
 MUFA (g) 0.04 (0.11) −0.01 (0.18) −0.14 (0.13) 0.28 (0.14) d −0.14 (0.85)
 MUFA (%) −0.07 (0.08) −0.09 (0.12) −0.01 (0.09) 0.03 (0.09) −0.20 (0.53)
 PUFA (g) 0.03 (0.11) 0.29 (0.18) −0.07 (0.12) −0.02 (0.13) −1.10 (0.78)
 PUFA (%) −0.07 (0.09) 0.17 (0.15) 0.04 (0.10) 0.25 (0.12) e −0.99 (0.65)
 Cholesterol (mg) −0.11 (0.36) 0.50 (0.62) −0.44 (0.44) 1.05 (0.58) 4.81 (3.15)
 Fiber (g) 0.37 (0.12) 0.09 (0.17) −0.19 (0.12) −0.22 (0.14) −1.11 (0.75)
  1. SFA saturated fatty acids, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acids
  2. aRegression model adjusted for age, sex, school, MS components. The values in italic corresponding of p value ≤ 0.05
  3. bp value = 0.0003
  4. cp value = 0.0144
  5. dp value = 0.0467
  6. ep value = 0.0317