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Table 1 Age and anthropometric measures of overweight and obese schoolchildren by number of MS components. Botucatu-SP-Brazil, 2007–2008

From: Dietary factors associated with metabolic syndrome and its components in overweight and obese Brazilian schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study

Anthropometric measuresd MS components median (1st; 3rd quartiles) p trend
0 (n = 56) 1 and 2 (n = 76) ≥3 (n = 15)
Age (years) 7.8 ± 1.4a 7.9 ± 1.4a 8.3 ± 1.7a 0.224
Weight (kg) 33.1 (29.7; 38.9)a 40.5 (34.6; 49.8)b 50.3 (39.0; 61.9)c 0.000
Height (cm) 1.31 ± 0.1a 1.37 ± 0.11b 1.44 ± 0.13b 0.000
BMI (kg/m2) 19.8 (18.8; 20.9)a 22.3 (20.9; 24.2)b 25.1 (24.2; 27.4)c 0.000
WC (cm) 64.1 (61.3; 69.3)a 73.0 (67.5; 78.3) 81.0 (75.0; 87.0)c 0.000
Triciptal skinfold (mm) 17.9 ± 3.9a 20.8 ± 4.6b 23.5 ± 4.0c 0.000
Subscapular skinfold (mm) 10.3 (8.0; 14.5)a 16.0 (12.0; 20.0)b 20.0 (17.0; 23.0)c 0.000
Body fat (%) 25.3 (21.9; 29.2)a 30.4 (26.1; 33.3)b 33.2 (29.4; 38.1)c 0.000
  1. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference
  2. a, b, cDifferent letters = statistically significant
  3. dHeight and tricipital skinfold are expressed in average and standard deviation