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Table 1 General characteristics of the patients at the beginning of the study (V1)

From: Evaluation, intervention, and follow-up of patients with diabetes in a primary health care setting in Brazil: the importance of a specialized mobile consultancy

  Variables Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Total p value
Gender Female 9 (60.0) 12 (85.7) 12 (52.2) 33 (63.5) 0.110*
  Male 6 (40.0) 2 (14.3) 11 (47.8) 19 (36.5)  
Age <60 years 2 (13.3) 3 (21.4) 11 (47.8) 16 (30.8) 0.068**
  ≥60 years 13 (86.7) 11 (78.6) 12 (52.2) 36 (69.2)  
Race White 14 (93.3) 10 (71.5) 18 (78.3) 42 (80.8) 0.326**
  Non white 1 (6.7) 4 (28.6) 5 (21.7) 10 (19.2)  
Educational level ≤8 years 9 (60.0) 11 (78.6) 13 (56.5) 33 (63.4) 0.380*
  >8 years 6 (40.0) 3 (21.4) 10 (43.5) 19 (36.6)  
Smoking No 14 (93.3) 14 (100.0) 23 (100) 51 (98.1) 0.557**
  Yes 1 (6.7) 0 0 1 (1.9)  
Alcoholism No 13 (86.7) 14 (100.0) 23 (100) 50 (96.2) 0.148**
  Yes 2 (13.3) 0 0 2 (3.8)  
Physical Activity Mild/moderate 7 (46.7) 7 (50.0) 10 (43.5) 34 (46.1) 0.927*
  Sedentary 8 (53.3) 7 (50.0) 13 (56.5) 28 (53.9)  
Treatment NP 0 0 2 (8.7 %) 2 (3.8 %) 0.179**
  OM 9 (60 %) 12 (85.7 %) 17 (74 %) 38 (73.2 %)  
  OM/I 6 (40.0 %) 2 (14.3 %) 4 (17.3 %) 12 (23.0 %)  
DM duration (years) 10 (8, 23.5) 11 (3.5, 19.3) 6 (3, 11) 9 (4, 15) 0.083***
BMI 30.37 ± 6.2 30.32 ± 4.5 29.67 ± 3.9 30.05 ± 4.7 0.470***
WC Female 102.7 ± 14.6 98.4 ± 9.6 104.62 ± 10.3 101.8 ± 11.3 0.356***
  Male 109.4 ± 12.2 117 ± 12.0 103.1 ± 10.0 106.6 ± 11.3 0.320***
WC/HC Female 0.94 ± 0.03 0.93 ± 0.03 0.99 ± 0.03 0.95 ± 0.04 0.001***
  Male 0.99 ± 0.04 1.04 ± 0.04 0.99 ± 0.05 0.99 ± 0.05 0.358***
Family No 8 (53.3) 4 (28.6) 3 (13.0) 15 (28.8) 0.027**
History (DM) Yes 7 (46.7) 10 (71.4) 20 (87.0) 37 (71.2)  
Complication Low 2 (13.3) 3 (21.4) 3 (13.0) 8 (15.4)  
Risk Medium 3 (20.0) 6 (42.9) 11 (47.9) 20 (38.4) 0.371**
  High 10 (66.7) 5 (35.7) 9 (39.1) 24 (46.2)  
  1. NP non-pharmacological treatment; OM oral medications; OM/I oral medications and insulin; BMI body mass index; WC waist circumference; WC/HC waist circumference/hip circumference ratio
  2. * Chi square test
  3. ** Fisher exact test
  4. *** Kruskal–Wallis test