Skip to main content

Table 2 Glycemic and pregnancy outcomes

From: Use of a real time continuous glucose monitoring system as an educational tool for patients with gestational diabetes

Outcome variable SMBG group CGMS group P value Odd ratio 95 % CI
Glycemic outcomes
 Fasting glucose 4.99 ± 1.01 4.71 ± 0.68 0.092 −0.272 to 0.3700
 Postprandial glucose 6.27 ± 1.36 5.72 ± 1.59 0.057 −0.0169 to 1.099
 HbA1c at the end of the pregnancy—mmol/mol (%) 43 ± 5 (6.1 ± 0.4) 39 ± 8 (5.70 ± 0.7) 0.168 −0.1955 to 1.0098
 Number of women needed insulin (%) 18 (11.16) 19 (11.4) 0.896 1.056 0.467 to 2.384
 Total daily insulin dose (units) 29.83 ± 43.83 20.67 ± 18.03 0.410 −13.103 to 31.436
Maternal outcomes
 Polyhydramnios 0 0    
 GA at delivery (week) 38.17 ± 1.63 38.35 ± 2.026 0.627 −0.898 to 0.544
 Preterm delivery 9.5 16.3 0.373 1.854 0.516 to 6.659
 PROM 3.9 8.3 0.427 2.227 0.389 to 12.760
 Induction of labour 13.0 14.6 1.000 1.146 0.371 to 3.543
 SC delivery 49.1 55.1 0.562 1.273 0.588 to 2.755
 Lacerations 2.4 6.4 0.620 2.727 0.273 to 27.293
 Shoulder dystocia 0 0    
 ICU admission 9.8 4.3 0.415 0.420 0.073 to 2.426
Neonatal outcomes
 Abortion 0 2.0 1.000 0.527 0.434 to 0.641
 Stillbirth 2.1 0.0 0.457 0.452 0.366 to 0.558
 Neonatal death 1.6 3.4 0.613 2.14 0.149 to 20.76
 Foetal injury 0.0 0.0
 Apgar score <7 at 5 min 16.7 10.0 0.503 0.556 0.143 to 2.153
 Birth weight (g) 3056 ± 564 2870 ± 610 0.130 −0.055 to 0.428
 Macrosomia 2.4 0 0.488 0.482 0.387 to 0.601
 Low birth weight 9.5 22.2 0.147 2.714 0.780 to 9.447
 Hypoglycaemia 12.8 16.7 0.758 1.360 0.393 to 4.704
 Hyperbilirubinemia 10.3 14.6 0.738 1.500 0.389 to 5.781
 Congenital malformation 10.3 4.8 0.421 0.075 2.535 to 2.886
 RDS 10.6 7.1 0.717 0.646 0.145 to 2.885
 NICU admission 30.0 34.8 0.653 1.244 0.502 to 3.087
  1. Results are given as the percentages (%) or mean ± SD. Preterm delivery refers to delivery before 37 weeks of gestation; PROM, premature ruptures of membranes; macrosomia, defined as birth weight of 4000 g or more; low birth weight defined as birth weight less than 2500 g
  2. RDS respiratory distress syndrome