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Table 2 Energy and macronutrient intakes of patients with metabolic syndrome by sex

From: Inadequacies in the habitual nutrient intakes of patients with metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study

Energy/macronutrients/fiber Total (103) Women (84) Men (19) p
Energy (kcal/d) 1523.1 (592.2) 1441.5 (539.2) 1884.0 (691.8) 0.003
Crude carbohydrate
 kcal/d 833.3 (317.9) 786.1 (295.2) 1041.8 (338.5) 0.001
 g/d 208.3 (79.5) 196.5 (73.8) 260.5 (84.6)
 % of total calories 55 55 56  
Adjusted carbohydrate
 kcal/d 836.2 (126.4) 832.4 (133.6) 853. 1 (88.7) 0.412
 g/d 209.1 (31.6) 208.1 (33.4) 213.3 (22.2)
 % of total calories 55 54 56  
Crude protein
 kcal/d 274.1 (127.4) 255.4 (111.7) 356.7 (159.9) 0.016
 g/d 68.5 (31.9) 63.9 (27.9) 89.2 (40.0)
 % of total calories 18 18 19  
Adjusted protein
 kcal/d 275.2 (54.1) 272.3 (50.6) 288.3 (67.4) 0.339
 g/d 68.8 (13.5) 68.1 (12.7) 72.1 (16.9)
 % of total calories 18 18 19  
Crude total fat
 kcal/d 415.7 (227.9) 399.9 (218.7) 485.5 (260.1) 0.140
 g/d 46.2 (25.3) 44.4 (24.3) 54.0 (28.9)
 % of total calories 27 27 25  
Adjusted total fat
 kcal/d 417.8 (83.2) 428.2 (78.7) 371.9 (89.0) 0.007
 g/d 46.4 (9.2) 47.6 (8.7) 41.3 (9.9)
 % of total calories 27 28 25  
Crude fiber
 g/d 14.3 (8.5) 13.3 (7.5) 18.8 (11.2) 0.011
Adjusted fiber
 g/d 12.7 (3.8) 12.6 (3.7) 13.2 (4.7) 0.614
  1. Results expressed as mean (standard deviation). The crude values refer to the absolute intakes of the study patients, and the adjusted values refer to the results after adjusting for intrapersonal variability [25] and energy [26]
  2. Reference values according to the I Brazilian Guideline for Diagnosing and Treating Metabolic Syndrome, 2005
  3. Carbohydrate: 50–60 % of total energy intake
  4. Protein: 15 % of total energy intake
  5. Total fat: 25–35 % of total energy intake
  6. Fiber: 20–30 g/d