Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Comparison of socio-demographic, clinical and biochemical parameters in pregnant women with and without metabolic syndrome according to four definitions

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in non-diabetic, pregnant Angolan women according to four diagnostic criteria and its effects on adverse perinatal outcomes

Variables NCEP ATP III [5] p value JIS MetS Criteria [6] p value
With MetS N = 197 Without MetS N = 478 With MetS N = 247 Without MetS N = 428
Mean age (year) 26.2 ± 6.8 24.0 ± 6.6 0.0002 25.6 ± 6.8 24.1 ± 6.7 0.0070
Level of education
 Never studied [n (%)] 21 (10.6) 33 (6.9) 0.1391 24 (9.7) 30 (7.0) 0.2706
 Middle 157 (79.7) 415 (86.8) 0.0162 203 (82.2) 369 (86.2) 0.1967
 Higher education 19 (9.6) 30 (6.3) 0.1706 20 (8.1) 29 (11.7) 0.6288
Place of residence
 Urban [n (%)] 50 (25.4) 99 (20.7) 0.2196 61 (24.7) 88 (20.6) 0.2495
 Village [n (%)] 147 (74.6) 379 (79.3) 0.2196 186 (75.3) 340 (79.4) 0.2495
Current smoker (%) 0 (0.0) 1 1.0 0 (0) 1 (0.2) 1.0
Mean body mass index
Mean waist circumference 97.4 ± 8.5 92.0 ± 9.1 <0.0001 95.6 ± 9.0 92.4 ± 9.3 <0.0001
Known diabetes mellitus (%) 00 00 00 00
Use of hypotensive drugs (%) 22 (11.1) 22 (4.6) 0.0029 23 (9.3) 21 (4.9) 0.0383
Fasting glycemia (mg/dl) 90.5 ± 29.1 80.9 ± 19.2 <0.0001 91.8 ± 27.4 79.1 ± 18.4 <0.0001
Hipertension 179 (90.9) 191 (39.9) <0.0001 216 (87.4) 154 (36.0) <0.0001
Systolic blood pressore 140.8 ± 18.5 124.4 ± 18.0 <0.0001 138.5 ± 18.7 123.8 ± 18.1 <0.0001
Diastolic blood presssure 90.7 ± 14.1 80.4 ± 13.6 <0.0001 89.3 ± 14.3 80.1 ± 13.6 <0.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 197.0 ± 42.9 191.4 ± 35.6 0.0810 196.2 ± 43.6 191.4 ± 33.9 0.1364
LDL-C (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 122.0 ± 37.8 114.8 ± 32.8 0.020 120.2 ± 38.2 114.9 ± 31.9 0.0655
HDL-C(mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 64.5 ± 19.0 73.5 ± 17.7 <0.0001 65.8 ± 19.1 73.8 ± 17.5 <0.0001
Tryglicerides (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 182.0 ± 60.2 135.0 ± 47.7 <0.0001 179.7 ± 59.5 131.7 ± 45.1 <0.0001
Variables NCEP ATP III [10] p value NHLBI/AHA [8, 9] p value
With MetS N = 12 Without MetS N = 663 With N = 85 Without N = 590
Mean age (years) 28.7 ± 2 24.6 ± 6.7 0.0377 25.3 ± 6.9 24.6 ± 6.7 0.3217
Level of education
 Never studied [n (%)] 1 (8.3) 53 (7.9) 1.0 12 (14.1) 42 (7.1) 0.0444
 Middle 09 (75) 563 (84.9) 0.588 66 (77.6) 506 (85.8) 0.0744
 Higher education 02 (16.7) 47 (7.1) 0.4802 07(8.2) 42 (7.1) 0.8828
Place of residence
 Urban [n (%)] 04 (33.3) 145 (21.9) 0.55 28 (33.0) 121 (20.5) 0.0145
 Village [n (%)] 08 (66.7) 518 (78.1) 0.55 57 (67.0) 469 (79.5) 0.0145
Current smoker (%) 1.0 00 1.0 0 1 1.0
Mean body mass index 31.7 ± 4.1 24.2 ± 4.0 <0.0001 27.6 ± 5.0 23.9 ± 3.8 <0.0001
Mean waist circumference
Known diabetes mellitus (%) 00 00 00 00
Use of hypotensive drugs (%) 3 (25.0) 41 (6.2) 0.0426 11 (12.9) 33 (5.8) 0.0216
Fasting Glycemia (mg/dl) 126.7 ± 46.4 83.0 ± 21.6 0.0076 96.7 ± 34.1 81.9 ± 20.2 0.0002
Hipertension 12(100) 358 (54) 0.0039 79 ± 92.9 291 ± 49.3 <0.0001
Systolic Blood pressore 148.4 ± 20.6 128.8 ± 19.4 0.0006 140.4 ± 17.8 127.6 ± 19.3 <0.0001
Diastolic Blood presssure 96.3 ± 12.4 83.2 ± 14.5 0.00019 90.5 ± 15.6 82.4 ± 14.1 <0.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 174.5 ± 38.1 193.5 ± 37.7 0.043 115.1 ± 36.5 117.1 ± 34.2 0.6155
LDL-C (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 107.0 ± 34.9 117.0 ± 34.4 0.316 187.8 ± 40.4 193.9 ± 37.4 0.1632
HDL-C (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 58.0 ± 17.7 71.1 ± 18.5 0.0152 60.0 ± 21.3 72.4 ± 55.3 <0.0001
Tryglicérides (mg/dl) [\( \overline{x} \pm {\text{s}} \)] 126.7 ± 46.4 83.0 ± 21.6 0.0076 96.7 ± 34.1 81.9 ± 20.2 <0.0001