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Table 2 Frequency analysis of socio-demographic and metabolic parameters of pregnant women

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in non-diabetic, pregnant Angolan women according to four diagnostic criteria and its effects on adverse perinatal outcomes

Variables Media ± standard deviation
N 675
Race
 Black [n (%)] 675 (100)
 Other [n (%)] 0 (0)
Maternal age (years) 24.7 ± 6.7
Level of education
 Never studied [n (%)] 54 (8)
 Middle [n (%)] 572 (84.7)
 Higher education [n (%)] 49 (7.3)
Place of residence  
 Urban [n (%)] 149 (22.1)
 Village [n (%)] 526 (77.9)
Occupation
 Students [n (%)] 141 (21.0)
 Business [n (%)] 460 (68.1)
 Public official [n (%)] 74 (11.0)
Smoking habit
 Non-smoker 674 (99.9)
 Current smoker (%) 1 (0.1)
Gestational age (weeks) 39.2 ± 1.6
Hypertension [n (%)] 370 (54.8)
Anti-hypertensive drugs (%) 44 (6.5)
Nulliparous 188 (27.8 %)
Glycemic level (mg/dl)
 ≥110 70 (10.4)
 ≥105 90 (13.3)
 ≥100 124 (18.4)
 <100 551 (81.6)
Fasting glycemia mean 83.7 ± 22.9
Obesity
 Mean waist circumference 93.6 ± 9.3
 BMI (kg/m2) 24.4 ± 4.2
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 149.3 ± 55.8
HDL-C (mg/dl) 70.9 ± 18.5
LDL-C (mg/dl) 116.9 ± 34.5
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 193.2 ± 37.8
Adverse perinatal outcome (APO) 95 (14.1 %)