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Table 2 Clinical and metabolic characteristics of the metabolic syndrome groups (boys vs. girls)

From: Gender-specific associations of serum sex hormone-binding globulin with features of metabolic syndrome in children

Parameters Boys Girls p value
N 56 63  
Age (years) 14.39 ± 1.30 14.39 ± 1.17 0.986
BMI (kg/m2) 23.93 ± 4.68 22.54 ± 4.03 0.107
Waist circumference (cm) 73.15 ± 27.52 63.52 ± 19.81 0.032
Hip circumference (cm) 85.11 ± 31.04 79.23 ± 25.52 0.268
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131.62 ± 17.71 124.57 ± 14.84 0.024
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74.26 ± 14.07 75.59 ± 13.78 0.619
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.24 ± 0.82 4.03 ± 1.22 0.291
Glucose (mmol/l) 5.34 ± 1.06 5.73 ± 0.86 0.029
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.87 ± 0.23 0.94 ± 0.20 0.081
Triglycerides (mmol/l)a 1.54 ± 0.58 1.50 ± 0.61 0.777
Sex-hormone binding globulin (nmol/l) 42.34 ± 23.32 58.15 ± 30.15 0.003
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation for normal continuous variables denotes
  2. Significant p-values (< 0.05) were italicized
  3. aNon-Gaussian distribution