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Table 1 Anthropometric and life style characteristics of rural residents (45+ years old, Kyiv region, Ukraine) belonging to different categories, created according to a results of the glucose tolerance screening

From: Neck circumference as a risk factor of screen-detected diabetes mellitus: community-based study

Categories/measurements NGT IGR: IFG and/or IGT SDDM, Hb A1c < 6.5 % SDDM, Hb A1c ≥ 6.5 % P
Both genders, n 74 68 29 25  
Fasting glucose, mmol/l 5.6 (5.2–5.8) 6.3 (6.1–6.6) 7.4 (7.1–7.9) 8.1 (7.4–9.4) <0.001
Glucose tolerance test, mmol/l 5.5 (4.8–6.7) 6.8 (5.5–8.9) 7.9 (6.4–11.5) 12.6 (8.4–15.6) <0.001
HbA1c, %; n 5.25 (5.01–5.5); 2 5.8 (5.6–5.8); 14 5.9 (5.6–6.2); 29 7.3 (7.0–8.0); 25 <0.001
Insufficient physical activity, n (%) 6 (8.2) 4 (5.9) 6 (20.7) 5 (20.0) 0.061
First line relatives with diabetes, n (%) 14 (19.2) 14 (20.9) 6 (22.2) 4 (17.4) 0.970
Current smoking, n (%) 6 (8.1) 4 (5.9) 2 (6.9) 1 (4.0) 0.895
Alcohol consumption, n (%) 50 (68.5) 37 (54.4) 29 (62.1) 15 (60.0) 0.395
Stroke/MI history, n (%) 5 (6.8) 3 (4.5) 5 (17.2) 19 (76.0) <0.001
High blood pressure, n (%) 48 (64.9) 49 (72.1) 23 (79.3) 25 (100) 0.006
Parental family starvation, n (%) 48 (81.4) 44 (83) 16 (76.2) 13 (65) 0.364
Personal childhood starvation, n (%) 26 (89.7) 22 (100) 7 (77.8) 7 (53.8) 0.002
Thyroid volume, ml; n 12.4 (10.6–16.5); 25 13.5 (12.0–17.8); 32 15.7 (14.2–20.6); 12 17.2 (11.5–20.7); 15 0.245
Women, n 55 53 24 18 0.756
Fasting glucose, mmol/l 5.7 (5.3–5.8) 6.4 (6.2–6.6) 7.4 (7.1–7.9) 8.5 (7.4–9.9) <0.001
Glucose tolerance test, mmol/l 5.7 (5.0–6.8) 7.1 (5.6–8.9) 8.1 (6.6–11.6) 12.5 (8.1–15.7) <0.001
HbA1c, %; n 5.8 (5.6–5.8); 14 5.9 (5.6–6.3); 24 7.5 (7.0–8.0); 18 <0.001
Insufficient physical activity, n (%) 3 (5.5) 2 (3.8) 4 (16.7) 3 (16.7) 0.109
Parental family starvation, n (%) 36 (83.7) 36 (81.8) 12 (75) 12 (80) 0.875
Personal childhood starvation, n (%) 20 (90.9) 18 (100) 5 (71.4) 6 (66.7) 0.045
1st line relatives with diabetes, n (%) 11 (20.4) 12 (23.1) 5 (21.7) 3 (50.0) 0.439
Current smoking, n (%) 1 (1.8) 1 (1.9) 0.852
Alcohol consumption, n (%) 36 (66.7) 28 (52.8) 15 (62.5) 9 (50.0) 0.412
High blood pressure, n (%) 39 (70.9) 45 (84.9) 20 (83.3) 18 (100) 0.035
Stroke/MI history, n (%) 3 (5.5) 3 (5.8) 4 (16.7) 5 (27.8) 0.021
Age, years 64 (57–74) 63 (56–71) 64 (55–72.5) 68 (60–73) 0.391
Height, cm 158 (154–163) 160 (154–162) 161.5 (155–166) 161.5 (155–164) 0.464
BMI, kg/m2 29.7 (25.5–33.3) 32.6 (28.9–36.7) 33.1 (28.8–37.2) 36.6 (31.2–40.4) 0.002
Neck circumference, cm 35 (33–36) 36 (34.5–38) 38 (36–39.3) 37.5 (36–40) <0.001
Waist circumference, cm 95 (88–103) 105 (98–111) 106 (97.5–114.5) 116 (105–130) <0.001
Hip circumference, cm 107 (101–117) 109 (102–117) 110.5 (101.5–121) 116 (112–129) 0.008
WC/HC 0.88 (0.83–0.95) 0.93 (0.90–0.98) 0.97 (0.89–1.00) 0.98 (0.95–1.04) 0.014
Thyroid volume, ml; n 12.2 (8.8–15.6); 19 13.5 (12.1–18.1); 25 15.4 (14.6–19.7); 9 15.2 (9.2–22.7); 10 0.173
Men, n 19 15 5 7  
Fasting glucose, mmol/l 5.4 (4.7–5.9) 6.1 (5.6–6.3) 7.4 (7.3–7.4) 7.9 (6.6–9.4) <0.001
Glucose tolerance test, mmol/l 5.3 (4.3–6.1) 6.1 (5.1–9.1) 6.3 (6.0–7.4) 12.8 (8.4–15.6) <0.001
HbA1c, %; n 6.0 (5.6–6.1); 5 7.1 (7.0–8.3); 7 0.003
Insufficient physical activity, n (%) 3 (16.7) 2 (13.3) 2 (40) 2 (28.6) 0.549
Parental family starvation, n (%) 12 (75) 8 (88.9) 4 (80) 1 (20) 0.044
Personal childhood starvation, n (%) 6 (85.7) 4 (100) 2 (100) 1 (25) 0.045
First line relatives with diabetes, n (%) 3 (15.8) 2 (13.3) 1 (25.0) 1 (14.3) 0.953
Current smoking, n (%) 5 (26.3) 3 (20) 2 (40) 1 (14.3) 0.740
Alcohol consumption, n (%) 14 (73.7) 9 (60) 3 (60) 6 (85.7) 0.598
High blood pressure, n (%) 9 (47.4) 4 (26.7) 3 (60) 7 (100) 0.015
Stroke/MI history, n (%) 2 (10.5) 1 (20) 1 (14.3) 0.459
Age, years 66 (56–75) 57 (49–78) 61 (59–70) 75 (61–79) 0.364
Height, cm 172 (167–176) 168 (164–172) 167 (167–174) 169 (161–180) 0.294
BMI, kg/m2 27.3(24.1–31.1) 28.1 (25.1–33.7) 31.4 (29.0–31.7) 31.9 (29.6–35.9) 0.172
Neck circumference, cm 38.5 (36.5–41.5) 39 (37–42) 42 (40–43) 42.5 (40–44) 0.063
Waist circumference, cm 97 (90–104) 96 (89–109) 108 (99–112) 114 (111–116) 0.029
Hip circumference, cm 100 (96–109) 101.5 (98–108) 97 (97–109) 107 (104–114) 0.315
WC/HC 0.96 (0.93–1.01) 0.97 (0.93–1.02) 1.01 (1.01–1.02) 1.03 (1.01–1.07) 0.026
Thyroid volume, ml; n 14.5 (11.9–28.2); 6 13.5 (11.9–17.5); 7 20.7 (13.9–26.1); 3 17.2 (12.1–20.7); 5 0.655
  1. Data are given as number of persons (percentages) or medians (1, 3 quartiles)