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Fig. 1 | Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome

Fig. 1

From: Effect of Cichorium intybus L. on the expression of hepatic NF-κB and IKKβ and serum TNF-α in STZ− and STZ+ niacinamide-induced diabetes in rats

Fig. 1

Serum FBS (a) and insulin levels (b) at the end of study time (day 31). Serum insulin levels decreased significantly in NIA/STZ (p = 0.001) and STZ (p < 0.0001) diabetic groups relative to Control and CSE-control. Neither CSE nor metformin or aspirin treatment significantly improved serum levels of insulin in treated groups. The decrease by CSE of glucose levels in CSE-NIA/STZ group relative to NIA/STZ group, however, was marginally significant (p = 0.057). Data are presented as mean ± SD. It may be worth to mention that FBS levels in CSE-NIA/STZ group on day 31 was significantly lower compared to day 10 (Table 1, p < 0.001)

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