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Table 5 Multivariate regression analyses of factors influencing the risk of ulcer and amputation

From: Baseline characteristics and risk factors for ulcer, amputation and severe neuropathy in diabetic foot at risk: the BRAZUPA study

Factor OR 95 % CI p
Ulcer    
 Male sex 1.71 1.12; 2.59 0.011
 Smoking 1.78 1.09; 2.89 0.019
 Neuropathic foot 9.96 4.85; 20.43 <0.001
 Ischemic foot 5.64 1.9; 16.7 0.002
 Neuroischemic foot 20.34 9.31; 44.38 <0.001
 Decreased vibratory sensation 1.36 0.82; 2.24 0.23
 Absent vibratory sensation 7.95 4.65; 13.59 <0.001
 Retinopathy 1.68 1.08; 2.62 0.022
 Region (South/Southeast) 2.39 1.47; 3.87 <0.001
Amputation    
 Male sex 2.12 1.2; 3.73 0.009
 Type 2 diabetes 3.33 1.01; 11.1 0.049
 Neuropathic foot 5.8 1.25; 26.9 0.025
 Ischemic foot 19.63 3.43; 112.5 0.001
 Neuroischemic foot 11.6 2.43; 55.33 0.002
 Decreased vibratory sensation 2.4 1.09; 5.3 0.03
 Absent vibratory sensation 3.46 1.64; 7.33 0.001
 Hypertension 0.3 0.14; 0.63 0.002
 Region (South/Southeast) 2.2 1.1; 4.42 0.027
 Previous ulcer (yes) 9.66 4.67; 19.98 <0.001