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Table 1 Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of study participants

From: Baseline characteristics and risk factors for ulcer, amputation and severe neuropathy in diabetic foot at risk: the BRAZUPA study

Variable Mean (SD)/%
Age 57.7 (14.2)
Sex (female/male) 58.6/41.4
BMI (kg/m2) 29.3 (6.2)
Ethnicity  
 White 53.8
 Black 18.4
 Mixed 20.8
 Asian 7.0
Type of diabetes (1/2) 9.3/90.7
Diabetes duration (years) 14.2 (9.8)
HbA1c (%) 8.56 (2.03)
Smoking 24.2
Hypertension 81.5
Cardiopathy 28.5
Dyslipidemia 72.9
Nephropathy  
 Stage 1 52.1
 Stage 2 25.4
 Stage 3 15.8
 Stage 4 1.9
 Stage 5 4
Retinopathy 46.2
Visual impairment 50.3
Previous ulcer 25.3
Active ulcer 18.6
Amputation 13.7
 Minor 82.7
 Major 17.3
Foot at risk classification  
 Foot without risk 37.8
 Neuropathic 33.7
 Ischemic 8.5
 Neuroischemic 20
Vibratory sensation  
 Normal 55.7
 Diminished 29.9
 Absent 14.5
Score of symptoms  
 Normal 20.4
 Mild 29.6
 Moderate 28.1
 Severe 22
Treatment of neuropathy (yes) 14.1
Region  
 South 18.9
 Southeast 38.9
 Midwest 3.4
 Northeast 38.8