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Table 1 Mean and standard deviation of age, clinical, biochemical and anthropometric data, by gender in the adult Xavante population from São Marcos and Sangradouro/Volta Grande Reservations, 2008–2012

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the Brazilian Xavante indigenous population

Variables Mean ± SD p-value
Total
n = 932
Women
n = 475
Men
n = 457
Age (years) 42.7 ± 19.1 42.4 ± 19.3 43.1 ± 19.0 0.556
Basal glycemia (mg/dL) 152.5 ± 105.7 164.1 ± 113.8 140.6 ± 95.2 0.001*
2-h glycemia (mg/dL) 148.7 ± 51.8 158.1 ± 49.0 140.1 ± 52.8 0.001*
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 38.9 ± 8.1 40.7 ± 8.2 37.1 ± 7.5 0.000*
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 199.0 ± 170.9 196.3 ± 179.4 201.8 ± 161.6 0.638
Systolic blood pressure (mm/Hg) 72.7 ± 10.8 71.5 ± 10.6 74.0 ± 10.9 0.000*
Diastolic blood pressure (mm/Hg) 122.3 ± 17.4 119.6 ± 18.5 125.0 ± 15.8 0.000*
Waist circumference (cm) 97.3 ± 10.9 98.6 ± 11.1 95.9 ± 10.4 0.000*
Weight (kg) 78.8 ± 15.3 74.0 ± 14.7 83.8 ± 14.2 0.000*
Height (m) 1.61 ± 0.08 1.55 ± 0.05 1.67 ± 0.05 0.000*
BMI (kg/m2) 30.3 ± 5.1 30.8 ± 5.6 29.9 ± 4.6 0.007*
  1. * p < 0.01