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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study subjects

From: Expression of REG Iα gene in type 2 diabetics in Pakistan

Parameters Control (n = 20) Type 2 (n = 55) p value
Sex, M/F 12/8 40/15
Age (years) 51 ± 3 55 ± 9
Age at diagnosis of disease (years) 48.6 ± 8.5
Duration of diabetes (years) 7.0 ± 5.8
BMI (kg/m2) 23.98 ± 4.01 25.5 ± 3.9 <0.032*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120 (110–120) 130 (120–140) <0.001**
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80 (70–80) 80 (80–90) <0.001**
FBG (mmol/L) 3.7 (3.5–4.4) 7.8 (6.1–9.5) <0.001**
HbA1c (%) 5.5 (5.4–5.6) 7.8 (6.9–9.0) <0.001**
TC (mmol/L) 3.7 (3.2–4.7) 5.1 (4.5–5.6) <0.001**
TG (mmol/L) 1.15 (0.9–1.3) 1.7 (1.2–2.3) <0.041*
Hb (mg/dL) 13.2 (12.6–14.2) 12.0 (11.6–12.8) <0.054
  1. Data are given as mean ± standard deviation for normally distributed variables, and otherwise as medians (inter quartile range). P values of BMI was adjusted for age and sex. P values of blood pressure, FBG, HbA1c, and lipid profiles were adjusted for age, sex, and BMI
  2. BMI body mass index
  3. P values for differences between control group and type 2 diabetes patients. (* significant, ** highly significant)