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Table 2 Estimated prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, smoking, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia in the Brazilian population

From: Cost-effectiveness of a national population-based screening program for type 2 diabetes: the Brazil experience

Age group (years) Women (%) Men (%)
Prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes [28]
 40–44 1.77 2.31
 45–49 2.63 3.23
 50–54 3.56 4.30
 55–59 4.09 5.06
 60–64 4.57 4.61
 65–69 4.53 4.97
 70–74 4.62 4.75
 75 and older 4.79 4.53
Prevalence of smoking [25]
 18–34 11.8 19.2
 35–49 20.8 25.5
 50 and older 11.4 24.2
Prevalence of hypertension [26]
 35–44 17.9 15.3
 45–54 31 28.7
 55–64 47.2 37.7
 65–74 57.5 52.8
 75+ 52 46.5
Age group (years) Population (%)
Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia [27]
 Up to 24 8
 25–34 10.9
 35–44 20.9
 45–54 28.8
 55 and older 32.3