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Table 4 Binary logistic regression analysis of independent variables associated with “cardiac syndrome X without metabolic syndrome X”

From: Circulating adipokines and insulin resistance in subjects with combined cardiac and metabolic syndrome X

Factors p value OR 95 % CI
Lower limit Upper limit
Hypertension (with vs. without) 0.726 0.821 0.273 2.470
Body mass index (kg/m2) 0.443 0.941 0.807 1.098
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 0.931 0.999 0.981 1.018
HDL-C (mg/dL) 0.284 1.026 0.979 1.076
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 0.001 0.979 0.967 0.991
Current smoking (yes vs. no) 0.842 0.862 0.201 3.699
HOMA-IR 0.349 0.868 0.645 1.168
Leptin (ng/mL) 0.137 1.033 0.990 1.079
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 0.002 0.876 0.807 0.951
Age (years) 0.384 1.023 0.972 1.077
Gender (male vs. female) 0.261 2.108 0.575 7.731
  1. Dependent variable: “cardiac syndrome X without metabolic syndrome X”
  2. Independent variables: components of metabolic syndrome, adipokines, insulin-resistance index, smoking status, age, gender
  3. CI confidence interval, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index of insulin-resistance = (fasting glucose mg/dL × fasting insulin μU/mL)/405, OR odds ratio