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Table 3 Change in proportions of patients achieving treatment targets among 127,977 diabetic subjects between 2009 and 2013

From: Five-year change of clinical and complications profile of diabetic patients under primary care: a population-based longitudinal study on 127,977 diabetic patients

  2009 (%) 2013 (%) P-value
Clinical parameters (mean ± SD)
 BMI, kg/m2    <0.001*
  <23 kg/m2 25.3 28.5  
  ≥23 and <27.5 kg/m2 47.8 46.5  
  ≥27.5 and <30 kg/m2 15.2 14.0  
  ≥30 kg/m2 11.8 11.0  
 Waist hip ratio    <0.001*
  ≤0.9 male; ≤0.85 female 22.9 18.7  
  >0.9 male; >0.85 female 77.1 81.3  
 HbA1c, %    <0.001*
  <7 % 47.5 56.5  
  ≥7 % 52.5 43.5  
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg    <0.001*
  <130 mmHg 47.5 56.5  
  ≥130 mmHg 52.5 43.5  
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg    <0.001*
  <80 mmHg 65.7 77.5  
  ≥80 mmHg 34.3 22.5  
 LDL-C, mmol/L    <0.001*
  <2.6 mmol/L 25.9 65.6  
  ≥2.6 mmol/L 74.1 34.4  
 Triglyceride, mmol/L    <0.001*
  <1.7 mmol/L 61.6 74.9  
  ≥1.7 mmol/L 38.4 25.1  
 Total cholesterol, mmol/L    <0.001*
  <4.5 mmol/L 26.4 61.0  
  ≥4.5 mmol/L 73.6 39.0  
 HDL-C, mmol/L    <0.001*
  ≤1.0 mmol/L male; ≤1.3 mmol/L female 53.0 39.4  
  >1.0 mmol/L male; >1.3 mmol/L female 47.0 60.6  
 TC/HDL-C ratio    <0.001*
  <4.5 55.7 85.4  
  ≥4.5 44.3 14.6  
 Urine ACR, mg/mmol    <0.001*
  ≤2.5 mg/mmol man; ≤3.5 mg/mmol female 77.0 73.7  
  >2.5 mg/mmol man; >3.5 mg/mmol female 23.0 26.3  
  1. DM diabetes mellitus, BMI body mass index, HbA1c haemoglobin A1c, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, ACR albumin/creatinine ratio
  2. * Significant difference (P < 0.05) by McNemar’s test