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Table 1 Comparison of weight, body composition and blood lipid of 49 athletes of different genders at pre-intervention and post-intervention

From: Effect of aerobic exercise training on cardiometabolic risk factors among professional athletes in the heaviest-weight class

Gender Measurements Pre-intervention Post-intervention P-values
Women, N = 23 BMI (kg/m2) 36.4 ± 5.1 35.3 ± 4.5 <0.0001
Body fat percentage (%) 33 ± 0.05 32 ± 0.05 0.02
Abdominal fat ratio 0.94 ± 0.09 0.95 ± 0.08 0.55
Waist circumference (cm) 104.0 ± 10.7 103.8 ± 10.6 0.13
WHR 0.92 ± 0.11 0.92 ± 0.11 0.5
SBP (mmHg) 120 (115, 130) 120 (110, 124) 0.04
DBP (mmHg) 80 (70, 90) 80 (70, 86) 0.03
TG (mmol/L) 2.64 ± 0.57 1.97 ± 0.66 <0.0001
TC (mmol/L) 4.79 (4.08, 5.68) 4.79 (4.06, 5.26) 0.01
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.13 (0.86, 1.35) 1.35 (1.07, 1.63) <0.0001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.56 ± 0.74 2.43 ± 0.76 0.06
FPG (mmol/L) 5.46 (4.87, 6.21) 5.16 (4.57, 5.73) <0.0001
12-min running test (m) 1711 ± 132 1995 ± 226 <0.0001
Heart rate (beats/min)a 122.4 ± 11.2 114.4 ± 14.5 <0.0001
Blood lactate (mmol/L)a 1.57 ± 0.71 1.38 ± 0.62 0.17
Components of MetS, n (%) 0.03
 With 1 component 0 (0.0) 5 (2.2)  
 With 2 components 6 (26.1) 8 (3.5)  
 With ≥3 components 17 (73.9) 10 (43.5)  
Men, N = 26  BMI (kg/m2) 39.4 ± 4.7 38.1 ± 4.5 <0.0001
Body fat percentage (%) 30 ± 0.05 29 ± 0.05 0.17
Abdominal fat ratio 1.03 ± 0.09 0.99 ± 0.06 0.01
Waist circumference (cm) 114.8 ± 10.5 114.3 ± 10.5 <0.0001
WHR 1.02 ± 0.15 1.01 ± 0.15 0.08
SBP (mmHg) 140 (130, 150) 135 (125, 147) 0.03
DBP (mmHg) 95 (85, 100) 90 (80, 95) 0.003
TG (mmol/L) 5.07 ± 1.99 4.17 ± 1.46 0.03
TC (mmol/L) 5.37 (4.87, 5.91) 5.19 (4.58, 5.77) 0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.09 (0.86, 1.36) 1.24 (1.02, 1.38) 0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.11 ± 0.49 2.82 ± 0.50 <0.0001
FPG (mmol/L) 5.81 (5.18, 6.89) 5.21 ± 0.61 <0.0001
12-min running test (m) 1892 ± 260 2259 ± 256 <0.0001
Heart rate (beats/min)a 123.7 ± 9.7 118.1 ± 12.3 <0.0001
Blood lactate (mmol/L)a 1.46 ± 0.64 1.22 ± 0.53 0.06
Components of MetS, n (%) 0.64
 With 1 component 0 (0.0) 2 (7.7)  
 With 2 components 1 (3.8) 5 (19.2)  
 With ≥3 components 25 (96.2) 19 (73.1)  
  1. All continuous variables were presented as the mean ± SD and compared by paired sample t-tests for normal distributed variables, and median (lower quartile, upper quartile) and related-samples Wilcoxon signed rand tests for variables with abnormal distribution. Categorical variable was presented as n (%) and compared by fisher’s exact test
  2. aThe measurements were conducted 5 min after the training of aerobic exercise