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Table 3 Adjusted hazard rations (HR) and adjusted mean differences on the association between DMP status/guideline care and mortality/QoL change

From: The effectiveness of German disease management programs (DMPs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease: results from an observational longitudinal study

Treatment status in 2006 Cox regression model Linear regression model
Mortality Change in EQ-5D per year
HR (95 % CI) Beta (95 % CI)
 No Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 0.80 (0.45 to 1.41) −0.009 (−0.029 to 0.011)
Guideline carea
 No Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 0.27 (0.15 to 0.47) −0.003 (−0.021 to 0.014)
DMP-CHD (only)
 No Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 0.74 (0.44 to 1.25) 0.003 (−0.013 to 0.019)
DMP-DM (only)
 No Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 0.91 (0.54 to 1.54) 0.002 (−0.014 to 0.019)
  1. Models adjusted for age, sex, education, smoking status, weight status, treatment status, number of reinfarctions, and diabetes duration
  2. DMP disease management program, CHD coronary heart disease, DM diabetes mellitus, QoL quality of life
  3. aCounseling on two out of the three lifestyle topics (smoking, diet, exercise) and intake of a platelet aggregation inhibitor and a statin and either renin–angiotensin inhibitors or a beta blocker