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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratios (OR) on the association between DMP status and guideline care in 2006 and 2011 with an interaction term DMP status x time

From: The effectiveness of German disease management programs (DMPs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease: results from an observational longitudinal study

 Treatment status General estimating equation model with logit link DMP status x time p-value
Guideline care in 2006a Guideline care in 2011a
% OR (95 % CI) % OR (95 % CI)
DMP (CHD or DM)
 No 45.7 Ref.   62.2 Ref.   
 Yes 67.0 2.27 (1.27–4.03) 60.9 0.80 (0.40–1.58) 0.009
DMP-CHD (only)
 No 54.7 Ref.   62.1 Ref.   
 Yes 69.3 1.91 (1.17–3.14) 60.8 0.92 (0.50–1.70) 0.035
DMP-DM (only)
 No 55.4 Ref.   59.0 Ref.   
 Yes 66.0 1.48 (0.88–2.46) 62.7 0.96 (0.52–1.76) 0.231
  1. Models adjusted for age, sex, education, smoking status, weight status, treatment status, number of reinfarctions, and diabetes duration
  2. DMP disease management program, CHD coronary heart disease, DM diabetes mellitus
  3. aCounseling on two out of the three lifestyle topics (smoking, diet, exercise) and intake of a platelet aggregation inhibitor and a statin and either renin–angiotensin inhibitors or a beta blocker