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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of European American participants with type 2 diabetes, stratified by mortality status

From: Predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in type 2 diabetes: Diabetes Heart Study

  Full Sample (n = 1022) Living (n = 703) Deceased (n = 319)
Trait Mean (SD) or % Median (range) Mean (SD) or % Median (range) Mean (SD) or % Median (range)
Age (years) 62.43 (9.07) 62.80 (34.21, 85.98) 60.64 (8.48) 60.54 (34.21, 81.77) 66.36 (9.09) 67.03 (34.34, 85.98)
Female Sex (%) 51.5 %   54.8 %   44.2 %  
Current Smoking (%) 16.1 %   14.0 %   20.8 %  
Past Smoking (%) 43.4 %   43.6 %   43.1 %  
History of Cardiovascular Disease (%) 43.2 %   37.3 %   56.1 %  
All-Cause Mortality (%) 31.2 %   0 %   100 %  
Cardiovascular Disease Mortality (%) 14.3 %   0 %   47.8 %  
Educational Attainment- Less than High School (%) 25.6 %   20.8 %   36.4 %  
Educational Attainment- High School (%) 49.2 %   51.4 %   44.1 %  
Educational Attainment- Greater than High School (%) 25.2 %   27.8 %   19.5 %  
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 32.38 (6.58) 31.32 (17.10, 57.97) 32.67 (6.40) 31.61 (17.10, 57.97) 31.75 (6.93) 30.54 (17.54, 56.92)
Waist Hip Ratio 0.941 (0.082) 0.944 (0.436, 1.246) 0.937 (0.077) 0.939 (0.648, 1.234) 0.949 (0.091) 0.955 (0.436, 1.246)
Glucose (mg/dL) 147.9 (56.15) 135 (16, 463) 145.6 (51.17) 134 (16, 463) 152.9 (65.60) 140 (46, 436)
Glycated Hemoglobin (%) 7.60 (1.72) 7.20 (4.30, 18.30) 7.49 (1.61) 7.10 (4.60, 16.40) 7.84 (1.92) 7.60 (4.30, 18.30)
Diabetes Duration (years) 10.42 (7.15) 8 (0, 46) 9.32 (6.39) 7 (0, 46) 12.80 (8.09) 11 (1, 41)
Coronary Artery Calcified Plaque (mass score) 1856 (3335) 449.5 (0, 50415) 1328 (3038) 256.5 (0, 50415) 3048 (3657) 1632 (0, 22378)
Carotid Intima Media Thickness (mm) 0.683 (0.136) 0.659 (0.449, 1.569) 0.664 (0.127) 0.639 (0.449, 1.569) 0.723 (0.144) 0.700 (0.456, 1.316)
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 185.2 (43.42) 181 (65, 427) 184.5 (43.15) 180 (65, 427) 186.9 (44.04) 183 (70, 386)
HDL (mg/dL) 42.16 (11.89) 41 (8, 98) 42.46 (11.59) 41 (14, 94) 41.49 (12.52) 40 (8, 98)
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 208.9 (138.8) 176 (30, 1310) 206.0 (136.4) 173 (30, 1310) 215.3 (143.9) 183 (30, 1065)
LDL (mg/dL) 103.0 (32.6) 100 (12, 236) 102.2 (32.4) 100 (14, 207) 104.9 (33.1) 103 (12, 236)
Pulse Pressure (mmHg) 67.09 (16.93) 65.5 (28, 159) 65.53 (15.85) 64 (28, 124) 70.52 (18.67) 69.5 (31, 159)
Mean Arterial Pressure (mmHg) 95.05 (11.24) 94 (66.5, 154) 95.19 (10.33) 94 (66.5, 140.3) 94.75 (13.02) 93.17 (67.33, 154)
Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (ml/min/1.73 m2) 65.76 (18.38) 63.77 (8.91, 126.4) 67.95 (17.86) 65.43 (20.97, 122.2) 60.96 (18.62) 58.43 (8.91, 126.4)
Urine Albumin:creatinine Ratio (mg/g) 121.5 (530.5) 14.29 (0.48, 9449) 68.49 (390.8) 11.57 (0.48, 8878) 239.8 (741.5) 23.08 (0.78, 9449)
QT Interval (ms) 393.8 (33.14) 392.0 (270.1, 564.0) 393.2 (32.27) 392.0 (310.1, 564.0) 395.0 (34.93) 392.0 (270.1, 526.0)
High Blood Pressure Medications (%) 75.5 %   72.0 %   83.4 %  
Statin Use (%) 42.7 %   44.8 %   37.9 %  
Oral Hypoglycemic Medications (%) 78.8 %   79.0 %   78.4 %  
Insulin Use (%) 27.3 %   22.9 %   37.0 %  
C-reactive Protein (mg/dL) 0.611 (1.004) 0.296 (0.005, 12.73) 0.529 (0.793) 0.28 (0.005,9.573) 0.801 (1.355) 0.353 (0.008,12.73)
Biventricular Volume (ml) 384.5 (112.1) 375.6 (156.6, 884.5) 372.0 (100.7) 361.3 (156.6, 781.8) 411.8 (129.7) 397.2 (182.6, 884.5)