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Table 3 Results of the multiple linear regression model for log transformed HOMA-IR

From: What is the most appropriate lipid profile ratio predictor for insulin resistance in each sex? A cross-sectional study in Korean populations (The Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey)

  Men Women
Estimate Standard error p-value Adjusted R2 Root MSE Estimate Standard error p-value Adjusted R2 Root MSE
Model with LDL-C/HDL-C     0.3588 0.3512     0.2309 0.3776
Age −0.0010 0.0012 0.3953    −0.0027 0.0013 0.0451   
BMI 0.0429 0.0086 <0.0001    0.0247 0.0100 0.0149   
Waist Circumference 0.0101 0.0028 0.0007    0.0066 0.0039 0.0919   
Diabetesa 0.3911 0.0621 <0.0001    0.3578 0.1014 0.0005   
LDL-C/HDL-C Ratio 0.0383 0.0168 0.0238    0.1015 0.0242 <0.0001   
Model with TG/HDL-C     0.3641 0.3497     0.2353 0.3766
Age −0.0010 0.0013 0.4126    −0.0025 0.0013 0.0529   
BMI 0.0445 0.0083 <0.0001    0.0256 0.0101 0.010   
Waist Circumference 0.0097 0.0029 0.0009    0.0065 0.0042 0.1206   
Diabetesa 0.3868 0.0635 <0.0001    0.3415 0.0998 0.0008   
TG/HDL-C Ratio 0.0086 0.0070 0.2222    0.0485 0.0124 0.0001   
Model with non-HDL-C/HDL-C     0.3662 0.3491     0.2437 0.3745
Age −0.0011 0.0013 0.3690    −0.0030 0.0013 0.0224   
BMI 0.0439 0.0084 <0.0001    0.0242 0.0100 0.0164   
Waist Circumference 0.0096 0.0029 0.0009    0.0060 0.0041 0.1421   
Diabetesa 0.3898 0.0632 <0.0001    0.3394 0.0969 0.0006   
Non-HDL-C/HDL-C Ratio 0.0091 0.0069 0.1907    0.0448 0.0095 <0.0001   
  1. p-values were evaluated using the SURVEYMEANS procedure (LDL-C/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, and non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratios were treated as continuous values)
  2. R 2 Root-square, Root MSE Root mean squared error, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, LDL-C/HDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, TG/HDL-C Triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, non-HDL-C/HDL-C Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C + triglyceride)/HDL-C ratio, BMI Body mass index
  3. aDiabetes was defined as a medical history of diabetes mellitus