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Table 4 Comparison of metabolic syndrome and its components in HIV-infected patients on HAART with and without IR

From: Insulin resistance by homeostasis model assessment in HIV-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy: cross-sectional study

Metabolic syndrome’s components Total (n = 219) No IR (n = 144) IR (n = 75) PR P
Metabolic Syndrome, n (%) 59 (26.9) 26 (18.1) 33 (44.0) 2.131 <0.001
Central Obesity, n (%) 49 (22.4) 25 (17.4) 24 (32.0) 1.633 0.007
Hypertriglyceridemia, n (%) 106 (48.4) 66 (45.8) 40 (53.3) 1.218 0.297
Low HDL-C, n (%) 126 (57.5) 81 (56.3) 45 (60.0) 1.107 0.600
Hyperglycemia, n (%) 103 (47.0) 58 (40.3) 45 (60.6) 1.689 0.008
   100−125 g/dL 94 (42.9) 57 (39.6) 37 (49.3) 1.86 0.038
    > 125 g/dL 9 (4.1) 1 (0.7) 8 (10.7) 2.75 0.004
High Blood Pressure, n (%) 8 (3.7) 4 (2.8) 4 (5.3) 1.486 0.258
  1. Abbreviations: HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, IR insulin resistance