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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of HIV-infected patients on HAART with and without insulin resistance (IR)

From: Insulin resistance by homeostasis model assessment in HIV-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy: cross-sectional study

Clinical characteristics Total (n = 219) No IR (n = 144) IR (n = 75) P
SBP, mmHg 104.7 ± 11.9 103.6 ± 11.4 106.8 ± 12.6 0.060
DBP, mmHg 68.5 ± 8.2 67.5 ± 7.8 70.4 ± 8.6 0.013
Weight, Kg 64.7 ± 11.5 63.0 ± 11.6 67.9 ± 10.7 0.003
BMI, Kg/m2 24.5 ± 3.6 23.8 ± 3.6 25.6 ± 3.5 0.001
BMI categories     0.001
  Underweight, n (%) 10 (4.6) 9 (6.3) 1 (1.3) 0.535
  Normal weight, n (%) 121 (55.3) 91 (63.2) 30 (40.0) Reference
  Overweight, n (%) 70 (32.0) 35 (24.3) 35 (46.7) 0.011
  Obesity, n (%) 18 (8.2) 9 (6.3) 9 (12.0) <0.001
Abdominal circumf. (cm) 88.3 ± 9.5 86.8 ± 9.8 91.1 ± 8.2 0.001
  Male, cm 88.8 ± 9.0 88.2 ± 9.2 90.1 ± 8.5 0.219
  Female, cm 87.1 ± 10.3 83.9 ± 10.3 93.3 ± 7.2 <0.001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SBP systolic blood pressure, SD standard deviation