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Table 1 Characteristics of the index pregnancy in the GDM and control groups

From: The risk of metabolic syndrome after gestational diabetes mellitus – a hospital-based cohort study

  GDM Control p value
(n = 120) (n = 120)
75-g OGTT    
- 0 h, mmol/L 5.4 ± 0.5 4.7 ± 0.3 < 0.001
- 1 h, mmol/L 9.5 ± 2.3 7.1 ± 1.4 < 0.001
- 2 h, mmol/L 7.7 ± 2.0 5.8 ± 1.0 < 0.001
Pregnancy disorders    
- Gestational hypertension, n (%) 12 (10%) 6 (5%) NS
- Pre-eclampsia, n (%) 7 (5.8%) 2 (1.7%) NS
- Glucosuria, n (%) 25 (20.8%) 4 (3.3%) < 0.001
- Proteinuria, n (%) 19 (15.8%) 7 (5.8%) 0.021
Induction of delivery, n (%) 42 (35.0%) 26 (21.7%) 0.031
Caesarean section, n (%) 29 (24.2%) 21 (17.5%) NS
Perinatal outcome    
- Gestational age, days 277.1 ± 9.5 278.8 ± 10.4 NS
- Birth weight of the child, g 3633 ± 519 3540 ± 471 NS
- Apgar score at one minute 8.6 ± 1.2 8.7 ± 1.4 NS
- Apgar score at five minute 9.3 ± 0.8 9.3 ± 0.8 NS
- Umbilical blood arterial pH 7.29 ± 0.1 7.28 ± 0.1 NS (0.054)
- Umbilical blood venous pH 7.35 ± 0.1 7.35 ± 0.1 NS
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD if not mentioned otherwise.
  2. OGTT: Oral glucose tolerance test.