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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical characteristics of the 2603 Chinese subjects

From: Anthropometric parameters and their associations with cardio-metabolic risk in Chinese working population

  Total (n = 2603) Men (n = 1590) Women (n = 1013) p -value *
Age (years) 47.3 ± 11.6 47.6 ± 11.6 47.2 ± 11.6 0.373
BMI (kg/m2) 23.7 ± 2.9 24.4 ± 2.6 22.6 ± 3.0 0.000
WC (cm) 82.5 ± 9.2 86.3 ± 7.3 76.4 ± 8.6 0.000
WHR 0.85 ± 0.06 0.89 ± 0.05 0.81 ± 0.05 0.000
Fat mass (kg) 26.1 ± 6.6 24.5 ± 11.6 28.5 ± 7.3 0.000
BF% 18.0 ± 5.7 17.7 ± 5.8 18.2 ± 5.6 0.044
SBP (mmHg) 119.9 ± 16.2 122.8 ± 15.5 115.4 ± 16.3 0.000
DBP (mmHg) 78.0 ± 10.1 80.3 ± 9.9 74.4 ± 9.3 0.000
TC (mmol/L) 4.99 ± 0.86 4.98 ± 0.84 5.02 ± 0.89 0.213
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.41 ± 0.29 1.35 ± 0.29 1.49 ± 0.28 0.000
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.96 ± 0.68 2.95 ± 0.67 2.98 ± 0.70 0.239
TG (mmol/L) 1.60 ± 1.11 1.82 ± 1.17 1.24 ± 0.89 0.000
Fasting PG (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 0.9 5.1 ± 1.0 4.9 ± 0.8 0.000
OGTT 2 hr PG (mmol/L) 6.4 ± 2.4 6.6 ± 2.5 6.3 ± 2.2 0.003
Fasting serum Insulin (uIU/ml) 12.7 ± 7.1 13.0 ± 7.3 12.3 ± 6.9 0.010
OGTT 2 hr serum Insulin (uIU/ml) 64.2 ± 49.1 65.9 ± 49.2 61.6 ± 48.6 0.030
HOMA-IR 2.85 ± 1.85 2.98 ± 1.97 2.71 ± 1.76 0.000
High HOMA-IR (%) 42.0 45.3 36.9 0.004
Homa-β 204.1 ± 177.0 202.1 ± 187.5 206.1 ± 157.3 0.575
Low HOMA-β (%) 25.3 27.1 22.5 0.009
Smoking (%) 31.5 50.2 2.0 0.000
Hypertension (%) 30.9 35.8 23.4 0.000
  Newly diagnosed (%) 7.8 9.8 4.5 0.000
  Known hypertensive (%) 23.1 26.0 18.9 0.000
Hyperglycemia (%) 19.3 25.1 19.5 0.001
  Isolated IFG 1.2 1.7 0.6 0.012
  Isolated IGT 10.1 10.1 10.1 1.0
  Combined IFG/IGT 2.1 2.7 1.3 0.013
  Diabetes mellitus 5.9 6.5 4.8 0.000
Dyslipidemia (%) 59.6 65.6 50.0 0.000
  TC ≥5.18 mmol/L 40.2 39.5 41.3 0.369
  HDL-C <1.04 mmol/L 9.0 12.3 3.9 0.000
  LDL-C ≥3.37 mmol/L 25.5 24.8 26.8 0.271
  TG ≥1.70 mmol/L 32.2 41.6 17.2 0.000
  1. *p-value:comparing men and women.
  2. BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio; BF%, body fat percent; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol; HDL-C and LDL-C, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; OGTT, oral glucose tolerance test; PG, plasma glucose; IFG, impaired fasting glucose; IGT, impaired glucose tolerance; high HOMA-IR = HOMA-IR ≥2.69; low HOMA-β = HOMA-β ≤111.2; isolated IFG = fasting PG ≥6.1 and <7.0 mmol/L and 2 h PG <7.8 mmol/L; isolated IGT = fasting PG <6.1 mmol/L and 2 h PG ≥7.8 and <11.1 mmol/L; combined IFG/IGT = fasting PG ≥6.1 and <7.0 mmol/L and/or 2 h PG ≥7.8 and <11.1 mmol/L; diabetes mellitus = fasting PG ≥7.0 mmol/L and/or 2 h PG ≥11.1 mmol/L.