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Table 6 Prevalence of depression symptoms according to the variables examined

From: High-risk alcohol use and anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

Variables Depression symptoms – HAD-D ≥8
Depression (n = 23)/Total (n = 209) % OR 95% CI p-value
Gender
Male 5/107 4.7 1   
Female 18/102 17.6 4.4 1.6-12.3 0.0027
Age range (years)
14[−]19 3/70 4.3 1   a#
20[−]29 6/83 7.2 1.7 0.4-7.2 a#
30[−]40 14/56 25.0 7.4 2.0-27.5 b#
Current smoker
No 16/190 8.4 1   
Yes 7/19 30.8 6.3 2.2-18.4 0.00016
HbA1c
Good control 1/19 5.3 1   a#
Moderate control 8/80 10.0 2.0 0.2-17.0 a#
Poor control 14/110 12.7 2.6 0.3-21.2 a#
  1. HAD-D: Hospital Anxiety and Depression – depression subscale; p ≤ 0.05; # proportions followed by the same letter do not differ. HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval.