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Table 4 Prevalence of high-risk alcohol use according to the variables examined

From: High-risk alcohol use and anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

Variables High-risk alcohol use (AUDIT ≥ 8)
AUDIT (n = 52) Total (n = 209) % Crude OR 95%CI p-value Adjusted OR 95%CI p-value
Gender
Female 15/102 14.7 1      
Male 37/107 34.6 3.1 1.5-6.0 0.0009 2.8 1.3-6.2 0.0108
Age range (years)
14[−]19 9/70 12.9 1   a#    
20[−]29 24/83 28.9 2.8 1.2-6.4 ab#    
30[−]40 19/56 33.9 3.5 1.4-8.5 b# 1.1 1.0-1.1 0.0135
FH (alcohol use)
No 6/58 10.3 1      
Yes 46/151 30.5 3.8 1.5-9.5 0.00259 7.0 2.2-2.5 0.0010
Drug use
No 35/184 19.0 1      
Yes 17/25 68.0 9.0 3.6-22.6 <0.0001 5.9 1.9-17.9 0.0017
Current smoker
No 38/190 20.0 1      
Yes 14/19 73.7 11.2 3.8-33.0 <0.0001 8.2 2.2-30.6 0.0016
HbA1c
Good control 4/19 21.0 1      
Moderate control 22/80 27.5 1.4 0.4-4.8     
Poor control 26/110 23.6 1.2 0.3-3.8 0.7658 NS   
  1. AUDIT: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; FH: family history; p ≤ 0.05; # proportions followed by the same letter do not differ. HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin; OR: Odds Ratio; CI: confidence interval.