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Table 4 Nutrient intake in PLWH with and without MetS

From: A cross-sectional assessment of metabolic syndrome in HIV-infected people of low socio-economic status receiving antiretroviral therapy

  MetS (n =  29) No MetS (n =  60) P value
Total calories 2359 ± 1470 1725 ± 1043 0.05
Fat (g) 92 ± 65 (31) 70 ± 43 (32) 0.1
Saturated fat (g) 31 ± 23 (11) 23 ± 14 (11) 0.09
Trans fat (g) 7 ± 8 6 ± 7 0.49
Protein (g) 95 ± 61 (16) 72 ± 40 (17) 0.08
Carbohydrates (g) 291 ± 145 (49) 204 ± 136 (47) 0.01
Sugar (g) 151 ± 97 (26) 94 ± 68 (22) 0.008
Added sugar (g) 112 ± 89 67 ± 62 0.007
Servings of fruit (cups) 1.5 ± 1.08 1.2 ± 1.0 0.17
Servings of vegetables (cups) 1.6 ± 1.2 1.3 ± 1.0 0.31
Serving of fruit/vegetables (cups) 3.1 ± 2.0 2.5 ± 1.7 0.17
Fiber (g) 14 ± 10 11 ± 7 0.08
Glycemic load (g) 142 ± 87 100 ± 68 0.02
Glycemic index 52 ± 5 52 ± 4 0.66
  1. Data are means ± SD (% of total calories).
  2. PLWH people living with HIV, MetS metabolic syndrome.