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Table 3 Average morphometric data of sural nerves myelinated fibers from the four experimental groups: normotensive Wistar rat control group (WR), normotensive Wistar rat chronically induced diabetes group (WR + STZ), spontaneously hypertensive rat group (SHR), spontaneously hypertensive rat chronically induced diabetes group (SHR + STZ)

From: Association of chronic diabetes and hypertension in sural nerve morphometry: an experimental study

  WR WR + STZ SHR SHR + STZ
Myelinated fiber area (μm2) 33.46 ± 0.74 29.00 ± 0.89* 25.65 ± 0.62* 27.47 ± 1.47*
Myelinated fiber diameter (μm) 5.48 ± 0.07 5.10 ± 0.08* 4.78 ± 0.07* 4.81 ± 0.10*
Myelin sheath area (μm2) 25.69 ± 0.55 21.56 ± 0.80* 16.49 ± 0.40*+ 17.90 ± 0.75*+
Myelinated axon area (μm2) 8.19 ± 0.25 7.38 ± 0.26 9.16 ± 0.25+ 9.56 ± 0.54+
Myelinated axon diameter (μm) 2.67 ± 0.05 2.65 ± 0.05 2.86 ± 0.04 2.80 ± 0.09
g ratio 0.49 ± 0.01 0.53 ± 0.01 0.61 ± 0.01*+ 0.60 ± 0.01
  1. *indicates significant difference compared to Normotensive Wistar rat (WR) group; + indicates significant difference compared to Normotensive Wistar rat with chronic induced diabetes (WR + STZ) group.