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Table 4 Number of metabolic syndrome components according to age, blood pressure and adiposity indicators

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and pre-metabolic syndrome in health professionals: LATINMETS Brazil study

  Number of components P
  0-1 2 ≥3  
  (n = 193) (n = 21) (n = 10)  
Age (years)* 26 (24–30)a 30 (26.0-35.5)b 37.5 (28.3-46.0)b <0.01
Blood pressure     
Systolic (mmHg) * 105.3 (100.1-114.4)a 116 (102.5-125.0)ab 125.5 (119.7-132.6)b <0.01
Diastolic (mmHg) 66.1 ± 6.8a 71.7 ± 9.0b 79.3 ± 8.4c <0.01
Anthropometric indicators     
Weight (kg)* 59.3 (53.9-68.1)a 68.9 (60.8-82.3)b 84.7 (73.3-90.2)b <0.01
Height (cm) 1.67 ± 0.08a 1.69 ± 0.08a 1.67 ± 0.09a 0.669
BMI (kg/m2) 22.0 ± 2.7a 25.0 ± 3.6b 30.6 ± 4.9c <0.01
WC (cm)* 76 (71–82)a 85 (80.0-92.7)b 103.8 (89.3-107.4)b <0.01
HC (cm) 97.9 ± 5.7a 101.7 ± 6.8b 108.2 ± 11.4c <0.01
WHpR* 0.78 (0.74-0.83)a 0.83 (0.79-0.90)b 0.94 (0.90-1.01)b <0.01
BAI 27.4 ± 3.5a 28.5 ± 4.3a 32.2 ± 4.8b <0.01
COI* 1.16 (1.12-1.20)a 1.21 (1.17-1.28)b 1.33 (1.26-1.37)b <0.01
WHtR* 0.45 (0.43-0.49)a 0.51 (0.47-0.54)b 0.62 (0.55-0.68)b <0.01
Body composition     
Body fat (%) 21.9 ± 6.1a 26.1 ± 6.6b 28.8 ± 8.5b <0.01
Fat mass (kg)* 12.9 (10.4-15.8)a 17 (15.3-20.3)b 24 (16.7-29.9)b <0.01
Lean mass (kg)* 45.2 (41.6-52.7)a 50.2 (44.9-64.0)ab 58.7 (49.0-68.8)b <0.01
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, HC hip circumference, WHpR waist/hip ratio, BAI body adiposity index, COI conicity index, WHtR waist/height ratio.
  2. *Nonparametric variables.
  3. parametric variables.
  4. ANOVA with post hoc Tukey test for parametric variables. Kruskal-Wallis test with post hoc Dunn’s test for nonparametric variables. Comparison between columns. Different letters indicate statistical difference between the values presented.
  5. Viçosa, Minas Gerais, 2014.