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Table 4 Comparative results of glycemic control between groups after 12 weeks*

From: An educational program for insulin self-adjustment associated with structured self-monitoring of blood glucose significantly improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after 12 weeks: a randomized, controlled pilot study

  Group A (Control) Group B (Intervention) P value**
Subjects (n) 12 10  
A1C (%) 9.0 ± 1.1 8.0 ± 1.2 0.051
MBG mg/dL (mmol/L) 184.1 ± 36.2 (10.2 ± 2.0) 162.3 ± 30.2 (9.0 ± 1.7) 0.145
Mean FPG mg/dL (mmol/L) 170.5 ± 50.2 (10.2 ± 2.0) 142.2 ± 37.2 (7.9 ± 2.1) 0.156
Mean Post Breakfast BG mg/dL (mmol/L) 194.8 ± 51.2 (10.8 ± 2.8) 172.2 ± 36.9 (9.6 ± 2.1 0.259
Mean Post-lunch mg/dL (mmol/L) 171.8 ± 36.2 (9.54 ± 2.0) 165.7 ± 27.9 (9.2 ± 1.6) 0.677
Mean before dinner BG mg/dL (mmol/L) 179.9 ± 38.4 (10.0 ± 2.1) 160.9 ± 39.4 (8.9 ± 2.2) 0.267
Mean Bed-time BG mg/dL (mmol/L) 209.9 ± 50.6 (11.7 ± 2.8) 179.3 ± 30.6 (9.9 ± 1.7) 0.110
  1. A1C, glycated hemoglobin A1C; MBG, mean blood glucose; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; BG, blood glucose.
  2. *Results are presented as mean ± s.d.
  3. **P-values of Independent Student’s t-test, level of significance of 0.05.