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Table 3 Comparative results before and after intervention inside the groups*

From: An educational program for insulin self-adjustment associated with structured self-monitoring of blood glucose significantly improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus after 12 weeks: a randomized, controlled pilot study

  Group A (n = 12) Group B (n = 10)
  Pre Post P value** Pre Post P value**
A1C (%) 9.6 ± 1.6 9.0 ± 1.1 0.131 9.0 ± 0.8 8.0 ± 1.2 0.006
Body weight (Kg) 78.1 ± 17.4 78.1 ± 17.8 1.00 71.8 ± 20.7 70.8 ± 21.5 0.378
Daily insulin dose (IU/day) 66.1 ± 19.0 70.9 ± 25.5 0.158 71.7 ± 47.2 79.0 ± 52.0 0.177
Daily insulin dose (IU/Kg/day) 0.9 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.3 0.188 1.0 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.5 0.109
Basal insulin dose (IU/day) 54.3 ± 13.3 55.3 ± 16.6 0.491 56.8 ± 32.3 61.2 ± 34.4 0.306
Bolus insulin dose (IU/day) 11.8 ± 12.5 15.6 ± 13.6 0.078 14.9 ± 18.5 17.8 ± 19.0 0.079
  1. A1C, glycated hemoglobin A1C.
  2. *Results are presented as mean ± s.d.
  3. **P-values of Paired Student’s t-test, level of significance of 0.05.