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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and metabolic markers of all subjects and stratified by low and high homeostatic model assessment, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) scores

From: O-GlcNAc modification is associated with insulin sensitivity in the whole blood of healthy young adult males

  All Subjects (n = 24) Low HOMA-IR (n = 12) High HOMA-IR (n = 12)
Age (years) 24 ± 1 24 ± 1 24 ± 1
Mean HOMA–IR 1.2 ± 0.2 0.5 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.2
BMI 24.7 ± 0.6 23.9 ± 0.8 25.5 ± 0.7
Body Fat (%) 16.3 ± 1.4 12.2 ± 0.9 20.3 ± 2.2*
Glucose (mM) 4.5 ± 0.1 4.6 ± 0.1 4.5 ± 0.1
Triglycerides (mM) 1.0 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.1 1.2 ± 0.1*
HDL Cholesterol (mM) 1.5 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1
Insulin (pM) 43.4 ± 6.0 19.8 ± 2.3 65.1 ± 6.6*
HbA1c (%) 5.5 ± 0.1 5.5 + 0.1 5.5 + 0.1
VO2 peak (20s) (mlkg−1min−1) 49.1 ± 1.8 52.2 ± 2.4 45.7 ± 2.5
  1. Abbreviations are as follows: body mass index (BMI, kgm−2), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL, mM), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c, %), aerobic capacity (VO2 peak, mlkg−1min−1). Values are means ± SEM. *Indicates there is a significant difference (p < 0.05) between low and high HOMA-IR groups.