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Table 9 Unadjusted OR of association of selected risk factors

From: Multivariate epidemiologic analysis of type 2 diabetes mellitus risks in the Lebanese population

  T2DM (n = 998) Severe CAD (n = 991) T2DM (n = 1,330)
  OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Physical activity (Ref: Inactive people)       
Active people 0.88 0.62-1.23 0.4 0.15 0.05-0.43 0.0004 0.46 0.24-0.88 0.02
Moderately active people 1.1 0.66-1.83 0.7 0.59 0.40-0.87 0.008 0.55 0.37-0.81 0.003
Smoking (Ref: Non-smokers)        
Current Smoker 1.41 1.01-1.97 0.04 1.86 1.30-2.66 0.001 0.55 0.40-0.75 0.0001
Ex-Smokers 1.4 0.96-2.02 0.08 1.23 0.73-2.08 0.4 0.79 0.55-1.13 0.2
BMI (Ref: < 30)          
≥ 30 1.08 1.04-1.11 <0.0001 0.98 0.95-1.01 0.1 2.29 1.74-3.02 <0.0001
HDL-cholesterol (Ref: Healthy)        
Yes 0.39 0.22-0.69 0.001 0.86 0.76-0.96 0.01 1.08 0.79-1.48 0.6
Triglycerides (Ref: Healthy)        
Yes 1.66 1.37-2.00 <0.0001 1 1.00-1.01 0.001 1.78 1.31-2.40 0.0002
Hyperlipidemia (Ref: Healthy)        
Yes 2.04 1.52-2.74 <0.0001 1.95 1.47-2.59 <0.0001 2.22 1.62-3.04 <0.0001
Family history of CAD (Ref: No family history of CAD)       
Yes 0.93 0.70-1.25 0.6 1.57 1.17-2.09 0.002 0.86 0.66-1.12 0.3
Family history of T2DM (Ref: No family history of T2DM)       
Yes 2.32 1.71-3.14 <0.0001 1.22 0.92-1.61 0.2 2.66 2.00-3.54 <0.0001
Hypertension (Ref: Healthy)        
Yes 2.06 1.54-2.75 <0.0001 1.3 0.98-1.74 0.07 3.08 2.30-4.12 <0.0001
Coronary artery disease (Ref: Healthy)        
Yes 1.48 1.03-2.12 0.03 NA NA NA NA NA NA
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (Ref: Healthy)        
Yes NA NA NA 2.56 1.87-3.49 <0.0001 NA NA NA
  1. ORs are calculated among individuals having T2DM compared to non-diabetic and having severe CAD compared to no stenosis as outcome variables.
  2. Abbreviation: T2DM Type 2 diabetes mellitus, CAD Coronary artery disease, OR Odds ratio, BMI Body mass index, Ref Reference.