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Table 3 Distribution in 1,330 random FGENTCARD individuals of different factors by T2DM diagnosis status

From: Multivariate epidemiologic analysis of type 2 diabetes mellitus risks in the Lebanese population

  T2DM categories
  Diabetic n = 272 Non-diabetic n = 1,058 Total n = 1,330 p value
  No. (%) No. (%)   
Gender     0.008
Male 121 (44.5) 566 (53.5)   
Female 151 (55.5) 492 (46.5)   
Age (years) mean (SD) 58 (11.6) 55 (11.9)   0.0002
Body mass index     <0.0001
Less than 30 111 (42.2) 645 (62.6)   
More or equal to 30 152 (57.8) 385 (37.4)   
Exercise activity level     0.007
Non-active 41 (15.1) 93 (8.8)   
Moderate activity 214 (79) 886 (83.7)   
Heavy activity 16 (5.9) 79 (7.5)   
Smoking     0.001
Never smoker 143 (52.6) 433 (40.9)   
Former smoker 52 (19.1) 200 (18.9)   
Current smoker 77 (28.3) 425 (40.2)   
Family history of T2DM     
Yes 190 (69.9) 492 (46.5)   <0.0001
No 82 (30.1) 565 (53.5)   
Consanguinity     0.6
Yes 56 (21.2) 201 (19.7)   
No 208 (78.8) 818 (80.3)   
Triglycerides     
High level 162 (68.4) 505 (54.9)   0.0002
Normal level 75 (31.6) 415 (45.1)   
HDL-cholesterol     0.6
Low level 73 (30.7) 267 (29.0)   
Normal level 165 (69.3) 654 (71.0)   
Hypertension     <0.0001
Yes 197 (72.4) 487 (46.0)   
No 75 (27.6) 571 (54.0)   
Hyperlipidemia     <0.0001
Yes 213 (78.6) 659 (62.3)   
No 58 (21.4) 398 (37.7)   
Family history of CAD     0.3
Yes 144 (53.1) 602 (57.0)   
No 127 (46.9) 455 (43.0)   
  1. Abbreviation: T2DM Type 2 diabetes mellitus, CAD Coronary artery disease; SD Standard deviation.