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Table 1 Distribution in the surveyed population of different factors by T2DM diagnosis status

From: Multivariate epidemiologic analysis of type 2 diabetes mellitus risks in the Lebanese population

  T2DM categories  
  Diabetics n = 407 Prediabetics n = 207 Non-diabetic n = 379 Total n = 993 p value
  No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)   
Gender      0.4
Male 154 (37.8) 68 (32.9) 132 (34.8)   
Female 253 (62.2) 139 (67.1) 247 (65.2)   
Age (Years) mean (SD) 64 (11.4) 66 (9.9) 65 (12.3)   0.09
Age of onset (Years) mean (SD) 55 (12.4) 60 (11.4) NA   0.03
Body Mass Index, mean (SD) 29.1 (5.4) 28.6 (5.1) 27.3 (4.4)   <0.0001
Exercise activity level      0.9
Non-active 248 (62.0) 116 (56.9) 215 (60.4)   
Moderate activity 58 (14.5) 33 (16.2) 48 (13.5)   
Heavy activity 94 (23.5) 55 (27.0) 93 (26.1)   
Smoking      0.2
Never smoker 179 (44.8) 103 (50.5) 190 (53.2)   
Former smoker 92 (23.0) 43 (21.1) 70 (19.6)   
Current smoker 129 (32.3) 58 (28.4) 97 (27.2)   
Alcohol consumption      0.003
Never drinker 276 (69.0) 132 (64.7) 219 (61.3)   
Less than 7 drinks per week 118 (29.5) 70 (34.3) 119 (33.3)   
More than 7 drinks per week 6 (1.5) 2 (1.0) 19 (5.3)   
Family history of T2DM      
Yes 267 (67.9) 87 (44.4) 158 (47.7)   <0.0001
No 126 (32.1) 109 (55.6) 173 (52.3)   
Consanguinity      0.96
Yes 69 (17.5) 36 (18.3) 58 (17.4)   
No 325 (82.5) 161 (81.7) 276 (82.6)   
  1. Abbreviation: T2DM Type 2 diabetes mellitus, SD Standard deviation.