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Table 2 Number (%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participants with cardio-metabolic risk factors

From: Serum vitamin D levels, diabetes and cardio-metabolic risk factors in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians

Risk factor All participants Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander
  n = 592 n = 423 n = 169
  Male (n==221) Female (n = 371) Male (n==152) Female (n = 271) Male (n = 69) Female (n = 100)
Central Obesity 163 (76%) 262 (75%) 116 (79%) 200 (80%) 47 (69%) 62 (64%)
Diabetes 86 (39%) 162 (44%) 64 (42%) 121 (45%) 22 (32%) 41 (41%)
Low HDL* 100 (47%) 249 (72%) 63 (43%) 185 (72%) 37 (56%)** 64 (71%)
Hypertension* 69 (32%) 83 (23%) 47 (31%) 69 (26%) 22 (33%) 14 (14%)
Past History CVD 30 (14%) 32 (9%) 24 (17%) 30 (12%) 6 (9%)** 2 (2%)
Current smoker 100 (46%) 146 (40%) 72 (48%) 111 (42%) 28 (42%) 35 (35%)
3+ Cardio-metabolic Risk Factors 97 (51%) 170 (54%) 69 (53%) 130 (57%) 28 (46%) 40 (47%)
4+ Cardio-metabolic Risk Factors 46 (24%) 72 (23%) 32 (24%) 58 (26%) 14 (23%) 14 (16%)
  1. Data are n (%).
  2. Where 3+ and 4+ CVD risk factors includes the 6 risk factors outlined in the above table.
  3. n may vary due to missing data (see methods).
  4. *Among all participants, proportions differed by gender for low-HDL (p < 0.001) and hypertension (p = 0.015).
  5. **p < 0.05 between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participants (Pearson chi-square test).